LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA ON THE PROTECTED AREAS

December 4, 2001 No. IX-628, Vilnius

SECTION ONE
GENERAL REGULATIONS

Article No. 1. Purpose of the Law

This Law sets forth public terms related to the protected areas, a system of the protected areas, a legal basis for establishment, protection, management and control of the protected areas, as well as regulates activities in these areas.

Article No. 2. Definition of basic terms used in this Law

1. Restorable territories are protected areas intended to protect species of natural resources or their complexes, which have been impoverished by the activities, to restore, to increase and use natural resources with restrictions.
2. Territories of the restorable protection priority (restoration and maintenance) are the territories, where natural resources, important for activities and for the society, are protected, restored, maintained, increased and used with restrictions.
3. The habitat is the entirety of different species of live organisms existing in the definite spread and in the definite time.
4. The biological diversity is the diversity of species of live organisms, their communities, habitats, ecosystems and genetic varieties.
5. Zones of biosphere monitoring areas are protected areas (biosphere reserves and biosphere grounds), established for purposes of the global and regional biosphere monitoring and for execution of nature protection experiments, as well as for protection of natural complexes existing in these areas.
6. The habitat protection status is the status, when the general impact for the habitat and for its typical species may have a long term influence on the natural spread, structure and functions of the habitat, as well as on the long term survival of its typical species.
7. Territories important for the habitat protection are the protected areas intended to protect and restore types of natural habitats, habitats of protected species of animals and plants, which are important for preservation of animal and plant species, and which are of importance to the European Community.
8. Nature reserves are protected areas established in order to preserve natural and/or cultural sites, which are valuable from the point of view of science and knowledge, territory complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage existing in these areas, biological and landscape diversities, as well as the gene pool. Preservation of the values existing in these territories is ensured without terminating economic activities carried out in these areas.
9. Territories of the ecological protection priority (protecting) are territories, where the ecological landscape balance is maintained, and the negative impact on the protected territory complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage or the negative impact on the environment caused by anthropogenic objects and activities is being avoided.
10. Ecological protection zones are territories, where limitations for the activities are established in order to protect the adjacent territories or objects, as well as the environment, against the potential negative impact of the activities.
11. The ecological network is a part of the nature frame combining habitats of the greatest bio-ecological importance, their environment and migration corridors of animals and plants.
12. Ecologically important territories are territories important for protection of landscape, biological diversities and water.
13. Ecosystem is a functional system of live organisms and their inhabited environment, the components of which are linked by interrelationships, by processes of metabolism and energy interchange.
14. The territory of the European Community importance is the territory intended for protection of species and types of natural habitats, as well as for securing the integrity of the European ecological network "Natura 2000".
15. The European ecological network "Natura 2000" is the common network of the protected areas important to the European Community and consisting of areas important for protection of habitats and birds, and the purpose of which is to preserve, to maintain and to restore, if required, the natural habitat types and species of animals and plants on the European Community territory.
16. The nature frame is an integral territorial network of natural ecological compensation, which ensures the ecological landscape balance, natural relationships between the protected areas, other areas or habitats important to the environment, as well as migration of plants and animals among them.
17. The natural landscape is a landscape, which has maintained its natural character.
18. Genetic territories are protected territories intended for preservation of seminal nurseries and natural genetic resources of other species.
19. The protected areas of complex purposes are the territories distinguished in their natural and/or cultural integrity, into which, following the common program for protection, management and use, the priority areas of different aspects, as well as recreational and economy areas, are combined.
20. Territories of the conservative protection priority (preserving) are territories, where unique or typical complexes and objects, as well as biological diversity, of natural and/or cultural landscape are preserved.
21. The landscape is a territorial unit of the land surface natural components (surface rock, ground level air, surface and ground water, soil and live organisms) and/or anthropogenic components (archaeological relics, buildings, engineering systems, farm lands and informational field), interrelated by material, energetic and informational ties.
22. The cultural landscape is a landscape created by human activities, which reflects a man‘s coexistence in the environment.
23. The natural habitat is represented by areas of land or waters with their typical geographical, abiotic and biotic, totally natural or semi-natural characteristics.
24. Territories important for bird protection are protected areas intended for preservation of natural populations of wild birds in their spread areals, as well as for preservation of breeding, moult, feeding, rest and accumulation areas for migrating birds, taking into consideration the demand on the sea or land areal.
25. Objects of heritage are natural and cultural heritage objects, separate or forming dense groups, landscape elements, to which, due to their value, a special protection and use mode is set forth by legal acts.
26. Regulatory documents for the heritage object protection are the documents regulating the terms of management and use of these objects.
27. Cognitive tourism is a trend of tourism oriented towards the expedient knowledge of the country natural and cultural heritage complexes and objects (values), towards the knowledge of landscape and history, as well as intended for science and educational purposes.
28. Recreation is the recovery process of a man‘s physical and spiritual strength, a man‘s leisure time activities, the purpose of which is to take rest, to travel and undergo treatments in sanatoriums and health resorts.
29. Reservations are protected areas established for preservation and research of natural and cultural territorial complexes, which are especially valuable from the scientific point of view, for ensuring of maintenance of natural processes or authenticity of cultural values, as well as in order to propagate the protection of territorial complexes of natural and cultural heritage. The main conservative purpose for land use in these territories is established by terminating any economy activities there.
30. Nature reserve boundary is a small area of natural or cultural nature reserve, for protection and monitoring of which no administration is required to be established.
31. The species protection status is such a status, when the influencing factors for the species may have a long-term impact on its spread or size.
32. Protected areas are areas of land and/or water with set up and clear boundaries, which are of the acknowledged scientific, ecological, cultural and other value, and which have a special protection and use mode (order) established by the legal acts.
33. Protection of the protected areas is a process consisting of planning and designing of the protected areas, implementation of particular protection and management measures, control and environmental protection education.
34. Individual regulatory documents for protection of the protected areas are legal acts approved by the State authorized institutions, providing for special protection requirements of the protected areas, special requirements for designing and construction in these areas, as well as for peculiarities of their management and use.
Provisional regulatory documents are legal acts approved by the State authorized institutions, providing for special requirements for protection of these protected areas, for designing and construction in these areas, as well as peculiarities of their management and use, and validity period of which is no longer than 1 year.
35. Typical protection regulations for the protected areas are requirements approved by the Government and intended for the landscape management zones, which are established in the course of preparation of the protected areas management plans (planning schemes), for landscape protection use and management.
36. Control of the protected areas is a part of the protected areas protection process – supervision of keeping up to the requirements for protection of the ecological balance of landscape, territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage, as well as visiting requirements for the protected areas, regulated by the laws and other legal acts, and by solutions of planning documents of the protected areas.
37. Regulations of the protected areas are legal acts setting forth the general protection and management specifics of the protected areas or their types, as well as the principles of control and activity organization.
38. Planning documents of the protected areas are special territory planning documents providing for a part of or the whole system of the protected areas, limits of the protected areas, functional and/or landscape management zones, specifying restrictions and setting forth measures for preservation, restoration and rational use of territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage, for organization of recreation, especially cognitive tourism, and also documents of the strategic planning setting forth activities and management measures, sequential order of their implementation, demand of funds and responsible institutions.
39. Management of the protected areas are activities intended for protection, rational use and restoration of the disordered territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage, and for adoption of the protected areas to make them suitable for cognitive tourism.
40. Suitable habitat protection status is such a status, when natural areal of the habitat spread and the habitat area in this areal does not change or increase, when specific structure and functions required for the long term maintenance of the habitat do exist and are not likely to disappear, when the protection status of the species typical for this habitat is suitable.
41. Suitable species protection status is such a status, when changes in the species population show that this population is capable to survive for a long time as a vital component of its natural habitat, and when the species spread areal does not decrease and is not likely to decrease in future, and that the habitat, in which population will be able to survive for a long time, is and likely will be large enough.
42. The State Protected Areas Service at the Ministry of Environment is an institution financed by the State budget implementing the Country‘s policy on the protected areas.
43. The State parks (national and regional) are large protected areas established on complicated and especially valued territories from natural, cultural and recreational points of view, the protection and management of which are related to setting of functional and landscape management zones of the territory
44. The State officers of the protected areas are officers of the State strict nature reserves, managements of the State parks and biosphere reserves, and officers of the State protected areas administration and control institutions having authorizations set forth by the laws. The list of the State officers for the protected areas is approved by the State authorized institutions responsible for protection of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage.
45. Activities are economic and other activities carried out by a man and having an impact on the environment.

SECTION TWO
SYSTEM OF THE PROTECTED AREAS AND ACTIVITY REGULATING DOCUMENTS

Article No. 3. Establishment purposes of the protected areas

Protected areas are established in order to preserve territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage, landscape variations and biological diversities, to ensure ecological balance of the landscape, balanced use and restoration of natural resources, to establish conditions for cognitive tourism, scientific researches and monitoring of the environment status, propagate territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage.
Article No. 4. System of the protected areas

1. System of the protected areas consists of the following categories of the protected areas:
1) The areas of conservative protection priority. This category includes the following types of the protected areas: strict nature reserves, nature reserves and objects of heritage;
2) The areas of restorable protection priority. This category includes the following types of the protected areas:
recuperative territories, genetic territories;
3) The areas of ecological protection priority. This category includes zones of ecological protection;
4) The protected areas of complex purposes. This category includes the following types of the protected areas: State parks – national and regional parks, areas of biosphere monitoring – biosphere reserves and biosphere grounds.
2. Article 24 of this Law provides for the procedure, according to which the protected areas or their parts in Lithuania can be entitled to the status of special protected areas of the European Community importance:
1) The areas important for protection of habitats, where it is aimed to maintain or restore a suitable protection status of natural habitats and to contribute to creation of the European ecological network "Natura 2000";
2) The areas important for protection of birds, where it is aimed to preserve natural habitats of bird species, populations of wild birds species in their spread areals, to restore the destroyed biotops of wild birds species, to preserve breeding, moult, feeding, resting and accumulation areas of migrating birds.
3. Following procedures established by the World’s Cultural and Natural Heritage Convention, the most valuable areas of Lithuania may be awarded the status of an exclusive area of the world’s heritage.
4. Protected and other ecologically important areas of natural character, which ensure the ecological landscape balance, by means of the nature frame are combined in to the common system ensuring balancing of the country management

Article No. 5. Regulating documents for the activities carried out on the protected areas

1. Activities carried out on the protected areas are regulated by:
1) this Law, by Law on the Environment Protection, Law on the Protection of Immovable Cultural Values, Law on the Forest Planning, Law on the Territory Planning, Law on the Construction, etc.;
2) regulations for the protected areas;
3) planning documents for the protected areas;
4) typical and/or individual regulating documents for protection of the protected areas, their zones, area parts or heritage objects, as well as the regional architectural regulating documents, including provisional regulating documents;
5) the protection agreements, which may be executed for restrictions on the activities carried out in the protected areas, provisions for the specific conditions for use of land, forest or water bodies.
2. The typical regulating documents for protection of the protected areas are to be approved by the Government at the recommendations submitted by the authorized institution, and regulating documents of the individual protection are to be approved by the Government or its authorized institution.
3. A protection agreement for restrictions on the activities carried out in the protected areas, specific conditions for use of land, forest or water bodies, can be executed between the Government authorized institutions and owners or managers, whose property of land, forest or water body is located on the protected area. The agreements shall be registered at the Real Estate Register. Restrictions on the activities indicated in these agreements have to comply with the requirements of the regulatory documents, which discuss the activities on the protected areas, as provided for in this Article. Procedures and forms of the agreement execution are to be approved by the Government.

SECTION THREE
AREAS OF THE CONSERVATIVE PROTECTION PRIORITY. REGULATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THESE AREAS

Article No. 6. The strict nature reserves

1. Purposes of establishment of the strict nature reserves:
1) To ensure the course of natural processes or to ensure preservation of authenticity of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the cultural heritage;
2) To preserve typical or unique natural or cultural landscape and heritage objects located there;
3) To preserve valuable natural ecosystems, habitats, gene pool of species of wild plants, mushrooms and wild animals;
4) To organize continuous scientific researches and monitoring, as well as museum works;
5) To propagate territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural or cultural heritage.
2. According to the specifics of the protected values, nature reserves are broken down into the following groups:
1) Natural nature reserves, intended for preservation of the especially valuable natural landscape complexes;
2) Cultural nature reserves (reserves-museums), intended for preservation of especially valuable cultural landscape complexes.
3. According to the establishment and organization specifics, the following break down is used:
1) State nature reserves;
2) nature reserves located in the State parks and biosphere reserves;
3) nature reserve boundaries.

Article No. 7. Regulation of activities in the nature reserves

1. Protection and management specifics for the nature reserves is regulated by this Law, by the Government approved Regulations for the Natural Strict Nature Reserves, other regulatory documents defining activities on the protected areas provided for in this Law, Article 5. The only activities allowed in the nature reserves are as follows:
1) Research works and monitoring of the course of natural processes;
2) Implementation of fire prevention measures;
3) Implementation of sanitary measures in epizootic cases;
4) Construction of buildings required for implementation of the nature reserve establishment and activity purposes;
5) Restoration of natural landscape, ecosystems and objects, destroyed by the activities;
6) Implementation of other measures in compliance with the nature reserve establishment purposes.
2. The order of berry-picking and mushroom-picking for local residents is set forth by Regulations of the Natural Strict Nature Reserves.
3. Protection and management specifics of cultural strict nature reserves (reserves-museums) is regulated by this Law, the Government approved Regulations of the Cultural Strict Nature Reserves. The only activities allowed in cultural strict nature reserves (reserves-museums) are as follows:
1) Scientific research work and museum work;
2) Restoration of the territorial complexes and objects (values) of the cultural landscape, destroyed by the activities;
3) Reconstruction, survey, restoration and conservation of the cultural landscape territorial complexes and objects (values);
4) Exposition of the cultural landscape territorial complexes and objects (values) and their adoption for visiting;
5) Construction of buildings required for implementation of the strict nature reserve establishment and activity purposes;
6) Other activities in compliance with the strict nature reserve establishment purposes and set forth in the Regulations of the Cultural Strict Nature Reserves and the territory planning documents.
4. Construction, survey, restoration and conservation works in the cultural strict nature reserves (reserves-museums) are carried out according to procedures established by the Laws.
5. The order of management and visiting of the cultural strict nature reserves (reserves-museums) is regulated by the institution authorized by the Government.
6. Landscape management zones of strict or controlled protection (mode) can be marked out in planning documents of the strict nature reserves.

Article No. 8. The nature reserves

1. Purposes of establishment of the nature reserves:
1) To preserve territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural or cultural heritage, as well as localities;
2) To ensure landscape varieties and biological diversities, as well as the ecological balance;
3) To preserve habitats and species of wild plants, animals and mushrooms, as well as their valuable populations from the genetic view point;
4) To make arrangements for scientific researches;
5) To make arrangements for cognitive tourism;
6) To propagate territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural or cultural heritage, and locations.
2. Basing on specifics of the protected territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage, the nature reserves are divided into the following groups:
1) natural;
2) cultural;
3) complex.
3. Natural nature reserves are as follows:
1) geological, for complex protection of the underground structures, typical layer exposures, rocks and fossils;
2) geo-morphological, for complex protection of typical and unique relief forms;
3) hydrographical, for protection of typical and unique samples of the hydrographical network elements (rivers, lakes, ponds);
4) pedological, for protection of natural soils;
5) botanical, for protection of rare and endangered species of wild plants and mushrooms, their communities and habitats;
6) zoological, for protection of rare and endangered species of wild animals, their communities and habitats; also, other kinds of nature reserves like theriological, ornithological, herpetological, ichthyologic, entomological, etc., can be attributed to this group;
7) botanical – zoological, for protection of rare and endangered species of wild plants, mushrooms and wild animals, their communities and habitats;
8) genetic, for protection of populations of wild animals and plants species having genetic value;
9) reserve of telmathium, for protection of typical and unique bog complexes;
10) thalassic, for protection of the sea ecosystems.
4. Cultural nature reserves are as follows:
1) archaeological reserves - for protection of sites, the territorial specifics of which is fated by accumulations of archaeological objects or complexes;
2) historical reserves - for protection of sites related to historical events, to surviving or lost settlements of the historical significance, to famous persons or their activities, as well as for protection of areas known for accumulation of such sites;
3) ethnic-cultural reserves - for protection of sites, where there are settlements or their parts, that are distinguished by architectural or other ethno cultural peculiarities, sacral or ritual sites, as well as for protection of areas known for accumulation of objects that are given prominence by myths and legends;
4) urban/architectural reserves – for protection of historical city parts, towns and sites having architecturally valuable buildings and building complexes, which are distinguished from the urban point of view.
5. Complex nature reserves are as follows:
1) landscape reserve - for protection of valuable natural and/or cultural landscape sites;
2) cartographic reserve - for protection of sites having special geographical coordinates.
6. Basing on the establishment and activity specifics, the following reserves are destinguished:
1) state nature reserves;
2) municipality nature reserves;
3) nature reserves existing in the State parks or biosphere monitoring areas.

Article No. 9. Regulation of activities in the nature reserves

1. Protection and management peculiarities for the nature reserves are regulated by this Law, Regulations for the Nature Reserves approved by the Government, other regulatory documents intended for activities on the protected areas, as indicated in Article 5 of the Law. Activities, that may potentially cause damage to the protected complexes and objects (values), are prohibited in the nature reserves.
2. The following is prohibited in the natural and complex reserves:
1) to destroy and ruin the relief forms and protected objects;
2) to excavate peat and lake settlings (sapropel), except those started excavating before the nature reserve was established there;
3) to arrange new quarries and mines of mineral resources, as well as new test pits for oil and gas extraction, to establish industrial enterprises, which require permits for integral pollution prevention and control, airports, wind-power stations, except restored wind mills, to arrange dumps and other buildings polluting (including visual pollution) the environment;
4) to collect, explode, cut or otherwise destroy rocks, sized more than 0.5 cubic meters, naturally existing in these areas;
5) to dam up and control natural rivers, to change their channels and natural water level of lakes. Restoration of the former dams and other hydro technical structures, supporting of banks, cleaning of channels, installation of artificial water bodies and performance of other works is allowed only in these cases, when it is required for restoration and management of the cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values) existing in the nature reserve and while implementing preventive measures in cities, towns and villages in order to avoid natural disasters;
6) to install new water bodies exceeding 0.1 hectares that are not related to the nature reserve purposes;
7) to dewater and change the bog mires and their boundaries into another type of land use;
8) to construct buildings that are not related to the nature reserve establishment purposes, except buildings in the existing and former homesteads (when there are remnants of former buildings and/or gardens survived, or when the homesteads are marked on the location or other plans, also when establishing a legal fact), as well as locations identified in the nature reserve management plans or drafts and in the general planning documents, to construct buildings or expand their volumes on slopes, the pitch of which exceeds 15 degrees, also closer than 50 meters from the upper and lower edge of these slopes;
9) to plant greenery obstructing views of historical, cultural and esthetic value;
10) to install outdoor advertisements, except in the territories of cities and towns, which is not related to the complexes and objects (values) protected in the nature reserve;
11) to carry out other activities that may cause harm to the protected complexes and objects (values).
3. The following actions are prohibited in the cultural reserves:
1) to destroy and damage complexes and objects (values) of the cultural heritage, to destroy their authenticity;
2) to make essential changes in the environment of cultural heritage objects, reducing the value of the cultural heritage objects.
4. The allowed and recommended building forms, sizes, percentage of the area development, distances from water bodies and slopes are set forth by regulatory documents for protection of the protected areas and/or regional architectural regulating documents for constructions on the protected areas. They may provide for tightened restrictions indicated in Paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article and for additional requirements.
5. Activities related to cherishing, emphasizing and propagating of the protected landscape complexes or objects (values), and restoring traditional elements of the natural and cultural environment, as well as the cognitive tourism, are encouraged in the nature reserves.
6. There are restorable territories provided in the nature reserves, which were established in order to restore the destroyed landscape complexes or their parts.
7. Activity regulations provided for in this Article are applied for the state and municipality nature reserves, as well as for the nature reserves located in the State parks and the biosphere monitoring areas. Taking into consideration the peculiarities of complexes and objects (values) protected in the nature reserves, the regulations for the nature reserves, the regulatory documents regarding protection, other documents indicated in Article 5 of this Law and regulating the activities carried out in the protected areas, as well as the nature reserve management plans and drafts may provide for additional restrictions regarding the landscape management, use of natural resources, construction of buildings, the area visiting, etc.

Article No. 10. The heritage objects

1. Purposes of declaration of the heritage objects:
1) to preserve objects of the natural and cultural heritage;
2) to preserve landscape variety and biological diversity;
3) to provide arrangements for scientific researches;
4) to provide arrangements for the cognitive tourism;
5) to propagate objects of the natural and cultural heritage.
2. The heritage objects are divided into:
1) natural heritage objects (protected natural landscape objects);
2) cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values).
3. The natural heritage objects are as follows:
1) geological objects - boulders, rocks, subsided pits and caves of exceptional sizes, typical or unique rock exposures of scientific value, as well as sites of fossils and minerals;
2) geo-morphological objects – relief forms of exceptional sizes and appearances: hills, crests, spurs, ravines, dune gates, and other relief forms;
3) hydro-geological objects – springs and sources of exceptional debit and special properties;
4) hydrographical objects – river rapids, old riverbeds, islands, falls and other hydrographical network elements of exceptional sizes;
5) botanical objects - trees, bushes of the exceptional age, sizes, forms or those of dendrology value, habitats of the protected plants and mushrooms species, unique and endangered communities of plants, dendrology selections, parks and squares of dendrology value;
6) zoological objects – sites of the protected animal species (breeding and feeding sites), animal colonies, unique bird nests and other rarities of animal activities.
4. The cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values) are as follows:
1) archaeological objects – mounds and other ancient defensive fortifications or their remnants, sites of ancient settlements, mines, productions and burials, secret path based marshes, wooden track ways, other remnants of ancient roads, hydro-technical installations, other archaeological objects and sites;
2) mythological (sacral)/ historical/memorial objects -
the former pagan sanctuaries, and other sites of ancient worships, rocks with marks of an ancient man’s activities or other objects and sites made famous by the verbal folklore art, as well as sites valuable by modern religions; sites and/or buildings related to important social, cultural and historical state events or personalities, also made famous by literature works or other art items, non-functioning cemeteries or their parts, military graveyards, graves or burial places of rebels, partisans, other participants of resistance movements against occupants (resistance participants), famous public, culture and state men;
3) architectural / engineering objects – dwelling and non-dwelling buildings of acknowledged significance, their parts and accessories, building complexes and ensembles, estate parks, other groups and sites of buildings or other works related by the continuous architectural composition ties, as well as technical engineering structures of acknowledged significance: bridges, tunnels, dams, equipment of mills or other production or process equipment;
4) art objects - monumental art items of acknowledged significance, small chapels, pillar chapels, roofed pillar chapels, monumental crosses, memorial structures and other art items directly related to the area occupied and required for use.
5. Heritage objects of the most value are declared as monuments of nature or culture. Objects to be considered as the nature and culture monuments are declared by the Government following recommendations from its authorized institution.

Article No. 11. Regulations for activities on the heritage object areas

1. Protection and management peculiarities of the heritage objects are regulated by this Law, by the Law on the Protection of the Immovable Cultural Values, Regulations of the heritage objects, regulatory documents for protection of the immovable cultural values, other documents indicated in Article 5 of this Law and regulating the activities carried out on the protected areas.
2. Regulations for the nature heritage objects, as well as regulating documents for protection of the cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values) are approved by the Government or its authorized institution.
3. The following activities are prohibited on areas of the heritage objects:
1) destruction and ruining of the heritage objects or indications of their value;
2) excavating, plough, moving of boulders to other locations, except in cases, when these works are related to exposition, use or management of the heritage objects;
3) construction of buildings, which are not related exposition, use or management of the heritage objects.

SECTION FOUR
AREAS OF THE COMPLEX PROTECTION. REGULATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THESE AREAS

Article No. 12. The State parks

1. Establishment purposes of the State parks:
1) preservation of the landscape valuable from the natural and cultural point of view;
2) preservation of typical or unique ecosystems;
3) restoration of destroyed or damaged natural and cultural complexes and objects (values);
4) provisions of arrangements for scientific researches in the natural and cultural heritage protection fields;
5) propagating and supporting of ethno-cultural traditions of Lithuanian regions;
6) provisions of arrangements for recreation, first of all, for the cognitive tourism;
7) development of education on the environmental protection, propagation of ecological farming;
8) implementing of other establishment purposes of provided for in the State parks regulations.
2. Basing on their significance, the parks are divided into the following groups:
1) national parks - protected areas established for protection and management of the natural and cultural landscape of the national significance, which represents the natural and cultural singularities of the ethnic-cultural regions in the country. The national historical parks are established for preservation of the cultural complexes and their natural environment, representing historical centers of the Lithuanian State;
2) regional parks - protected areas established for protection of the landscape and ecosystems, which are regionally important from the natural, cultural and recreational points of view, as well as for regulation purposes of their economic use. The regional historical parks are established for preservation of the most valuable regional cultural complexes and their natural environment.
3. The following zones of functional priorities are singled out on the plans of the State parks and their area limits: conservative priority zones (strict nature reserves and nature reserves), ecological protection zones, recreational and economic priority zones and zones of other purposes. The State park management plans (planning schemes) provide for the landscape management zones, in which the area use and protection is controlled. The zones are defined basing on the typical regulating documents for protection.

Article No. 13. Regulation of the activities carried out in the State parks

1. Protection and management peculiarities of the State parks are regulated by this Law, by the Regulations for the National and Regional Parks, other documents indicated in Article 5 of this Law and regulating the activities carried out in the protected areas.
2. In the State parks, the activities, which may cause harm to the protected complexes and objects (values), as well as to recreational resources, are restricted or prohibited. The following is prohibited in the State parks:
1) to arrange new quarries and mines of mineral resources, as well as new test pits for oil and gas extraction, to establish industrial enterprises, which require permits for integral pollution prevention and control, airports, wind-power stations, except restored wind mills, to install transiting engineering networks, to change relief forms, natural elements of the hydrographical network, to destroy or change valuable indications of the formed cultural landscape, its urban or architectural elements, and other protected complexes and objects (values);
2) to destroy mechanically the plant covering of natural bog mires, to excavate peat in there, also to dewater the upland bogs, intermediate bogs and their boundaries, as well as lowland bogs and their boundaries, the areas of which are larger than 0.5 hectares, and where the peat layer is more than 1 meter thick, and change them into farm lands and waters;
3) to dam up and control natural rivers, to change their channels and natural water level of lakes. Restoration of the former dams and other hydro-technical structures, supporting of banks, cleaning of channels, installation of artificial water bodies and performance of other works is allowed only in these cases, when it is required for restoration and management of the cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values) existing in the nature reserve and while implementing preventive measures in cities, towns and villages in order to avoid natural disasters;
4) to construct buildings in places which are not indicated in the State park management plans (planning schemes) and in the general planning documents;
5) to construct new dwelling houses, farm buildings and other buildings or to enlarge their volumes on slopes, the pitch of which exceeds 15 degrees, also closer than 50 meters from the upper and lower edge of these slopes, to construct buildings, which would reduce esthetic value of the landscape, and to plant greenery, which would obstruct views of the historical, cultural and esthetic value;
6) to install outdoor advertisements, except in the territories of cities and towns, which is not related to the complexes and objects (values) protected in the State parks.
3. Design, construction and reconstruction of the buildings in the State parks is performed following the provisions of legal acts, solutions of the State parks management plans (planning schemes), taking into consideration the architectural and landscape specifics of towns and villages, and requirements of the heritage objects protection. The allowed and recommended building forms, sizes, percentage of the area development, distances from water bodies and slopes are set forth by the individual regulatory documents for the State parks protection and/or regional architectural regulating documents for constructions on the protected areas. They may provide for tightened restrictions indicated in Paragraph 2 of this Article and for additional requirements.
4. The management of cities and towns located in the State parks is carried out following the general and detail plans, prepared and approved, the solutions of which do not contradict the solutions of the State parks management plans (planning schemes).
5. In the State parks, activities related to cherishing, emphasizing and propagating the protected areas or objects (values), and restoring traditional elements of the natural and cultural environment, as well as the cognitive tourism, area adoption for visiting, basing on the preservation requirements for the protected complexes and objects (values), are encouraged.

Article No. 14. The biosphere monitoring areas

1. Establishment purposes of the biosphere monitoring areas:
1) to establish the representative system of the ecological complex monitoring - for monitoring, control and forecast of changes of the natural systems;
2) to carry out experiments and researches of the biosphere use;
3) to develop the ecological education and propaganda;
4) to ensure protection of the natural complexes.
2. The biosphere monitoring areas are as follows:
1) biosphere reserves – established for implementation of the international biosphere change monitoring program and for execution of the environmental protection experiments in the representative complexes of natural zones and their surrounding areas;
2) biosphere grounds - established for implementation of the national and regional environment monitoring in the areas of special geo-ecological significance.
3. The following functional priority zones are indicated on the plans of the biosphere reserves and their zone limits: conservative (strict nature reserves and nature reserves) and ecological protection priority zone, as well as zones of experiments, restoration of ecosystems, and zones of the economy activities typical for this area. Also, different zones of the functional purposes can be singled out on the biosphere. Plans indicating biosphere reserves and their zone limits are approved by the Government and those of the biosphere grounds – by an institution authorized by the Government.
Article No. 15. Regulation of the activities in the biosphere monitoring areas
1. Regulations of the biosphere reserves are approved by the Government, those of the biosphere grounds – by an institution authorized by the Government.
2. The environmental monitoring works on the biosphere monitoring areas are carried out following the special environment protection programs approved by an institution authorized by the Government.

SECTION FIVE
AREAS OF RECUPERATIVE AND ECOLOGICAL PROTECTION PRIORITIES.
REGULATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THESE AREAS

Article No. 16. The recuperative and genetic territories

1. Establishment purposes of the recuperative territories:
1) to recuperate the species of natural resources or their complexes impoverished by the activities;
2) to multiply the general fund of natural resources;
3) to guarantee the protection of renewable natural resources and their rational use.
2. Recuperative territories are established on the State owned land in order to recuperate and multiply the resources of berry-fields, medicinal herbs plantations, animals, peat, underground water and other renewable resources. They are established for the period of time required in order to restore the natural resources.
3. The purpose of establishing the genetic territories is to preserve genetic material resources required for the activities.
These territories are established on the State owned land in order to preserve seminal tree nurseries and natural genetic resources of other species.

Article No. 17. Regulation of the activities on the recuperative and genetic territories

1. On the recuperative and genetic territories, restrictions are applied for the activities reducing the natural resources, for exploitation of the mineral resources, for use of land, forest, waters and other real estate, as well as for changes of the established ways of use. The activity restriction character and extent is set forth by the Regulations of these areas.
2. Regulations of the recuperative and genetic territories are approved by an institution authorized by the Government.

Article No. 18. The ecological protection zones

1. Establishment purposes of the ecological protection zones:
1) to ensure the general ecological balance of the landscape;
2) to preserve the environment of the geo-ecologically significant and protected natural and cultural landscape complexes or objects (values), to isolate them from the negative impact caused by the activities;
3) to reduce the negative impact of economic objects to a man and environment, also to ensure performance of activities by the economic objects.
2. According to the protection character, the ecological protection zones are divided as follows:
1) general ecological protection zone - for protection of cities and resorts, beach and fields, underground waters (waterworks), surface water bodies, agricultural watersheds and intensive karst;
2) buffer protection zone - for protection of the State strict nature reserves, the State parks and the State nature reserves, for protection of the heritage objects;
3) physical protection zone – for protection of the heritage objects, the State geodesic base points, electrical power lines, gas and oil supply lines, communication lines and other infrastructure objects;
4) visual (optic) protection zone – for protection of the heritage objects, astronomy observatory, aerodromes and other infrastructure objects; these are the areas, the environment changes in which may be harmful to the environment of these objects or may obstruct their survey;
5) sanitary protection zone – for protection of industrial and municipal objects, farming enterprises and other economic and infrastructure objects;
6) reserve protection zone – for protection of the perspective mineral resources areas.
3. The ecological protection zones, basing on their location character, can be established as territories, zones or circles. The general ecological and buffer protection zones can be divided into sub-zones of different protection and use modes, or such sub-zones can be singled out in these zones.
4. The establishment procedure of the protection zone types of the economic and infrastructure objects, as well as the mode of their protection and use, are provided for in the laws, other legal acts, regulating the supervision and use of these objects.
5. The ecological protection zones and their limits are established in the special and general territory planning documents prepared following the procedure set forth by an institution authorized by the Government.

Article No. 19. The buffer protection zones and regulation of activities on them

1. The buffer protection zones are to be established on the State strict nature reserves, the State parks, biosphere reserves, the heritage objects, in order to preserve the visual environment of these areas, in order to reduce the negative activity impact against them, and such zones may be established for the State nature resorts.
The buffer zones are not provided for the heritage objects existing in the State strict nature reserves, the State parks and the nature reserves.
2. The buffer protection zones are established when approving the special planning documents (limit plans) of the preserved areas.
3. The following is prohibited in buffer zones of the nature reserves:
1) to install new quarries of mineral resources;
2) to change hydrological regime;
3) to use fertilizers and pesticides on non-farming lands;
4) to lumber mainly using smooth slashing in 300 meters wide zone around the nature reserve.
4. Physical and visual (optic) protection sub-zones of different protection and use regimen are established in the buffer protection zones of the heritage objects.
5. The following actions are prohibited in physical protection sub-zones of the heritage objects:
1) to excavate soil and carry out other works, which may cause the soil deformation and vibration, to plough, to relocate boulders, except in cases, when these works are related with exposition, use or management of the heritage objects;
2) to construct buildings not related with exposition or management of the heritage objects;
3) to store active chemical, flammable or explosive material;
4) to install dams and other hydro-technical structures changing the water level, to straighten and deepen beds of springs and rivers, except in cases, when there are the cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values) being restored and managed.
6. In the visual (optic) protection sub-zones of the heritage objects, the activities obstructing to overview the heritage objects are prohibited.
7. The construction of buildings, if they would worsen conditions of the heritage objects exposition, increase the visual (optic) pollution of the area, is prohibited on the buffer protection zones of the State parks, the State strict nature reserves and nature reserves. The general ecological protection sub-zones may be established on the hydrological inflow parts of the State parks buffer protection zones.
8. Basing on the regulations approved by the Government, physical and visual (optic) protection sub-zones are established for individual types of cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values), and the management mode for which is set forth by the Law on the Protection of the Immovable Cultural Values.

Article No. 20. Protection zones of the surface water bodies and regulation of activities in these zones

1. In order to prevent hazardous material from getting into the water bodies, the sides of the water bodies should be protected against erosion; stability of the water body shore ecosystems shall be ensured; natural landscape of the water body shore and its esthetic values shall be preserved; favorable conditions for recreation shall be provided and ecological protection zones of the surface water bodies shall be established. The shore protection strip shall be established on the surface water body protection zone part, next to the water body.
2. Procedures for the surface water body protection zones and shore protection strips are approved by an institution authorized by the Government, and the regulatory documents for protection are approved by the Government. The regulatory documents for protection set forth the distances from the water body shore intended for construction of different purpose buildings, also requirements regarding greenery management.
3. The following is prohibited on protection zones of the surface water bodies:
1) to pour sewage or foul-water without working it in the ground;
2) to arrange cemetery, dumps;
3) to construct buildings in areas of tidewaters (except homesteads located there) and on the water body slopes, the pitch of which is larger than 10 percent;
4) to change the existing development line by reconstructing or redeveloping the buildings in the existing or former homesteads (when there are preserved remnants of former buildings an/or gardens, or when the homesteads are marked on the location or other plans, also when establishing the legal fact), except in cases provided for in the area planning documents;
5) to park trailers (wagons) on lake sides, river sides, forests and other locations.
4. The following is prohibited on the shore protection strips:
1) to install fences, except in cases, when this is provided in the normative documents for the safe operation purposes;
2) to use fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals;
3) to farm, to ruin turf, except when re-sowing of the cultured grasslands, to feed the live-stock closer than 2 meters from the shore;
4) to park motor transport closer than 25 meters from the shore of the water body.
5. On the shore protection strip, only construction of hydro-technical structures, installations of water extraction and discharge into the water bodies, waterworks, bridges and docks is allowed; in recreational zones – only beach installations, slip-ways for yachts and boats and other recreational installations are allowed to be constructed, and in nature reserves – only construction of buildings related to the nature reserve establishment purposes is allowed.
6. Construction of only one sauna building without a basement intended for personal use, the total area of which is no more than 25 square meters, including accessories, and not higher than 4 meters (the height is calculated basing on the homestead area developed by the construction) can be carried out in the existing homesteads located outside the shore protection strip, and on locations provided in the territory planning documents. Sizes of other buildings are set forth in the regulatory documents of protection.
7. The activities in other ecological protection zones indicated in Article 18 of this Law are regulated by the legal acts, according to which these zones have been established.

SECTION SIX
THE NATURE FRAME

Article No. 21. Establishment purposes of the nature frame

Establishment purposes of the nature frame:
1) to create a continuous network of the natural ecological compensation areas, ensuring the geo-ecological balance of the landscape and natural relations among the preserved areas, to create preconditions for preservation of biological diversities;
2) to connect habitats of the greatest ecological importance, their environment and territories required for migration of animals and plants;
3) to protect the natural landscape and natural recreational resources;
4) to enlarge forest resources of the country;
5) to optimize the urban development of the landscape, as well as farming and technical development.

Article No. 22. The nature frame structure and its establishment

1. The nature frame includes different territories: strict nature reserves, nature reserves, State parks, recuperative and genetic territories, the ecological protection zones, also territories of the forest economy, natural recreation natural recreation areas and ecologically important agricultural areas.
2. The nature frame consists of the following areas:
1) geo-ecological land-sheds - area strips combining locations distinguished by the special ecological significance and sensitivity:
upper reaches of rivers, watersheds, lake systems of uplands, hill systems, bog mires, littoral zones, areas of intensive feed and karst spreading of the underground waters. They separate large natural ecosystems and maintain the general ecological balance of the natural landscape;
2) internal stabilization areals and gridlines of geo-systems -
areas, which can change the side run-offs or other flows of the natural migration, as well as areas important from the point of view of biological diversities: greenery masses and groups, natural grasslands, bog mires and other ecotopes of large eco-systems. These areas compensate the negative ecological impact to the natural ecosystems;
3) migration corridors – river valleys, dune gate systems and dry valleys and ravines, other areas, where intense material, energy and natural information interchange is carried out, as well as animal and plant species migration takes place.
3. Basing on the significance, the nature frame can be divided into European, national, regional and local significance parts.
4. For protection of the biological diversities on the nature frame areas, an ecological network can be distinguished, which includes habitats of the greatest bio-ecological importance, environment of habitats and migration corridors of animals and plants. The European ecological network „Natura 2000" is distinguished following the procedure established by an institution authorized by the Government, which includes areas important for protection of habitats and birds.
5. The nature frame and the ecological networks, which form its structure, are established during the approving process of the general or the special territory planning documents. The approved limits of the nature frame and the ecological networks, as well as restrictions on the activities, as provided by the legal acts, shall be obligatory followed, while preparing forest management and land survey drafts, other special and detail plans.
6. Restrictions on the activities carried out in strict nature reserves, nature reserves, State parks, biosphere monitoring areas, ecological protection zones and recuperative and genetic territories existing in the nature frame (including the European ecological network „Natura 2000") are set forth in this Law, other regulatory documents, as indicated in Paragraph 5 of this Law, providing for requirements regarding the activities on the preserved areas. Construction of industrial enterprises, which require permits for integral pollution prevention and control, and residential blocks, is prohibited in the nature frame areas of recreational, forest and agricultural purposes. Only the activities ensuring the ecological balance of the landscape and stability of ecosystems, as well as the activities recreating the violated ecosystems, and implemented according to the territory planning documents are allowable.
7. On areas of the European ecological network "Natura 2000" the activities, which may have negative impact to preserved natural habitats, habitats of species and preserved animal and plant species, are prohibited. Only the activities ensuring suitable status of the habitats and species are allowable. The activities have to be implemented taking into consideration the specific types or species of habitats and following the territory planning documents and/or nature management plans.

SECTION SEVEN
ESTABLISHMENT, RECORDS, PRESERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE PRESERVED AREAS

Article No. 23. Establishment and setting of limits of the preserved areas

1. The establishment and status changes of the State strict nature reserves and the State parks, as well as limits and limit changes of the State nature reserves and National parks, is carried out by the Seimas following the Government recommendations. When establishing the regional parks, the Seimas is provided with draft plans of the regional park limits.
2. Establishment of the reservation boundaries, the State nature reserves, biosphere reserves, changes of types of the preserved areas , establishment of their limits and limit changes, as well as establishment and changes of limits of the regional parks, are carried out by the Government following recommendations of its authorized institution.
3. The natural heritage objects (protected natural landscape objects) are declared as the preserved ones by an institution authorized by the Government. Their areas are established by declaring them as the preserved ones and by approving plans of their limits.
4. The cultural heritage objects (immovable cultural values) are declared as the preserved ones and their areas are established following the procedures set forth by the Law on the Immovable Cultural Values.
5. The biosphere grounds, recuperative and genetic territories and ecological zones are established by institutions authorized by the Government. Their actions, while establishing the ecological zones, are coordinated by the Ministry of Environment.
6. Municipality Councils, following the procedure set forth by the Government, can establish the Municipality nature reserves and declare the Municipality heritage objects.
7. Non-state organizations, natural or legal persons, following the procedure set forth by the Government or its authorized institution, can initiate establishment of nature reserves and strict nature reserves, declaration of heritage objects, as well as organize management of the preserved areas existing in the land owned or used by them, following the procedure established by the laws.
8. Establishment criteria for the preserved areas are set forth by the Government or its authorized institution.
9. Proposals for establishment of the strict nature reserves, State parks, State nature reserves and biosphere monitoring areas shall meet the established criteria based on the scientific researches, on the basis of which the preserved area limits plan and other special planning documents are prepared.
10. The public needs are considered, economic evaluation is carried out, expenses required for compensation of the activities to be terminated (if that is necessary), land repurchase, recuperation of the violated areas , as well as finance resources for establishment and maintenance of the preserved area, are provided for prior to the establishment of strict nature reserves, state parks, state nature reserves and biosphere monitoring areas. If the required protection cannot be ensured by the legal acts and typical regulatory documents, additional requirements indicating types of allowable or restricted (prohibited) activities, building types, construction development density, lines or locations can be provided on the plan of limits of the established strict nature reserve, state park, nature reserve and biosphere monitoring area.
11. Locations intended for establishment of the protected areas can be reserved, lists of the heritage objects can be made basing on the prepared territory planning documents (general plans of the country, districts and municipalities, network schemes of the preserved areas, etc.), as well as basing on the valued features, estimated by the scientific researches, of natural and cultural heritage complexes and objects (values), once the economic evaluation has been performed according to the procedure indicated by the Government. Following the provisional regulatory documents, the activities, which may reduce the estimated value of features, can be restricted or prohibited in these locations, until issues related to establishment of the preserved areas or declarations of the cultural heritage are resolved.
12. During preparation of these area limit plans, the land owners, managers or users are informed about establishment of the preserved areas and related restrictions of the activities, following the procedure for approvals of the planning documents and public discussion set forth in the Law on the Territory Planning. Preparation procedure for the limit plans of the preserved areas is set forth by the Government authorized institution, following the Law on the Territory Planning.
13. When there is a threat of extinction, destruction or loss of value for the identified territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage, the State strict nature resorts and the State parks are established by the Seimas, and the State nature resorts and biosphere monitoring areas are established, as well as the heritage objects are declared as the preserved ones, by the Government following the procedure set forth by itself.

Article No. 24. Registration of the protected areas into the international lists of the protected areas and regulation of the activities in these areas

1. Protected areas of the Republic of Lithuania, or their parts, which contain the internationally significant landscape complexes, habitats, rare and endangered species of plants and animals or their communities and populations, as well as territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage, can be awarded the status of the protected area of the international significance and/or included into the international lists of the protected areas. Recommendations for such areas to be included into these lists are presented by an institution authorized by the Government, unless it is otherwise provided for in the international agreements.
2. Basing on the recommendations provided by its authorized institution, the Government sets the limits and approves the list of the protected areas or their parts complying with the requirements provided for in the international documents. If, basing on the scientific researches, there are areas of the Republic of Lithuania, which can be attached to the areas significant to the European Community, but which are not protected yet, such areas are awarded the status of the respective protected area (protected area is established), as well as the status of the protected area significant to the European Community.
3. For the protected areas, which are given the status of the international significance and/or included into the lists of protected areas of the international significance, requirements set forth in the international conventions and agreements are applied. Protection peculiarities of the areas falling under the list of the international protected areas are regulated by the Government as well.
4. Areas important to the European Community for protection of habitats and birds are selected basing on the scientific researches of the habitat types and population analyses of the protected wild animal and plant species. Criteria, basing on which locations are selected in order to establish areas important for protection of animals and plants, are set forth by the Government authorized institution.
5. Protection mode of the areas important for habitat protection is established by use of the balanced means: preservation (conservation) means, preventive means, solutions of the territory planning documents and plans, also by evaluation means establishing the influence of projects to the areas important for protection of habitats. Management peculiarities for areas of significance to the European Community for protection of habitats and birds are provided for in General Regulations for the Areas Important for Protection of Habitats or Birds.
6. In areas important for protection of birds, the activities, which may cause harm to protected bird species, their habitats, places of breeding, moult, feeding, rest and migration accumulations, are prohibited or restricted. Building construction or reconstruction, installation and reconstruction of roads, pipelines, power supply and communication lines, as well as implementation of other plans and projects, which in these areas may have an influence to the areas important for birds protection, are allowed only after their impact to the areas important for birds protection is evaluated following the provisions of this Law and after a permit is obtained according to the procedures set forth by the legal acts.
7. If the protected area mode set for the area important for habitat or bird protection does not ensure the required status of the protected habitats and species, additional means of preservation (conservation) are established with the help of legal acts, management plans and drafts of the protected areas, or executing protection agreements with owners or managers of the land, forest or water bodies.
8. Projects, which are not directly related to the management of areas of the European ecological network "Natura 2000", but may have a negative impact to natural habitats and protected species of animals and plants, shall be evaluated according to the procedure set forth by the Law on the Environmental Impact Assessment of the Planned Economic Activities. The activity plans and projects, of which the impact to the protected areas is not provided to be assessed according to the Law on the Environmental Impact Assessment of the Planned Economic Activities, are assessed following the procedure provided for by the Government or its authorized institution in order to establish their impact to the areas important for protection of habitats and birds. The Government authorized institutions can approve the projects, only having established that they have no impact on areas of the European ecological network "Natura 2000", and, if required, having analyzed the public opinion.
If implementation of the projects is related to the public social or economic interests, and there are no optional solutions, the compensating means, necessary for preservation of the general European ecological network continuity and natural habitats, as well as for preservation of the protected plant and animal species status, must be used.
9. Information about each area (the area map, name of the area, limits, space, etc.) of significance to the European Community is submitted to the European Committee following the procedure established by the Government. Alongside with the lists, the European Committee is provided with the calculations of expenses required for management of these areas.

Article No. 25. The State Cadastre of the protected areas

1. The State Cadastre (database system) of the protected areas is established for organizational purposes of protection and rational management of the protected areas, and which is intended for registration of the protected areas, except cultural heritage objects, other information required for organization of protection and management of the protected areas.
2. Functions of the managing control institution of the State Cadastre of the protected areas are performed by the Government authorized institution. Procedures and protection of registration and use of the Cadastre data are established by the Government.
3. Protected areas established by the Municipality Councils (nature reserves, heritage objects) are registered at the State Cadastre of the protected areas according to separate lists.

Article No. 26. Limit marking of the protected areas

1. Following recommendations of the Government authorized institutions, limits of the protected areas and their protection zones are marked on the Land Cadastral Maps and in the territory planning documents.
2. Procedures for marking of the protected areas on locations are established by the Government authorized institutions.

Article No. 27. Protection and management arrangement for the protected areas

1. Policy directions regarding the State protected areas are set forth by the Seimas.
2. The Government forms the strategy of the protected areas, establishes requirements for protection and management and gives authorizations to institutions responsible for protection of territorial complexes and objects (values) of natural and cultural heritage.
3. The government authorized institutions carry out the following actions, while performing the State control functions for the protected areas:
1) arranges preparation of programs for the protected areas strategy, programs for protection and management of the protected areas;
2) prepares drafts of the legal acts related to issues of the protected areas;
3) arranges the international co-operation related to the protected areas;
4) performs other functions indicated in its regulations.
4. Protection and management of the State established protected areas, except cultural strict nature reserves, cultural nature reserves, national historical parks and cultural heritage objects, is organized by the budget financed agency – The State Protected Areas Service at the Ministry of Environment. It is established by the Ministry of Environment.
5. The State Protected Areas Service at the Ministry of Environment performs the following functions:
1) prepares objective programs of the protected areas management, performs co-ordination and control of their implementation;
2) prepares the budget financed draft programs for the protected areas and submits them to the Ministry of Finance;
3) carries out the economic evaluation, provides for expenses required for compensation of the activities to be terminated (if that is necessary), land repurchase, recuperation of the violated areas , as well as funds for establishment and maintenance of the preserved area, finance resources or organizes the above listed works;
4) organizes issuance of conditions required for preparation of the territory planning documents and preparation of the protected areas planning documents, as well as implementation of their solutions;
5) establishes administrations of State strict nature reserves, State parks and biosphere reserves (budgetary agencies), controls their activities while ensuring the supervision of the established mode of protection and use and implementation of the objective programs of the environment protection;
6) performs methodic supervision of the protected areas administrations established by other Government authorized institutions or Municipality Councils;
7) provides information to land owners, managers and users about the protected areas under establishment and about heritage objects declared as being protected;
8) co-ordinates preparation and implementation of monitoring programs in the protected areas, administers accounting of the protected areas and natural heritage objects, by administrating the State Protected Areas Cadastre registers the protected areas, except cultural heritage objects,
accumulates and organizes other information about the protected areas;
9) following the established procedure, participates in processes related to preparation of building and installation projects and land allocation projects intended in the protected areas and in processes of the territory planning document analysis and co-ordination.
10) co-ordinates education and qualification improvement of specialists for the protected areas;
11) provides information to the public on issues related to the status and management the protected areas;
12) performs other functions indicated in its regulations.
6. Administrations of cultural nature reserves and national historical parks are appointed, as well protection and management of these nature reserves, parks, cultural nature reserves and cultural heritage objects is arranged by the Ministry of Culture.
7. Administrations of regional parks can also be established by Municipality Councils.
8. Activities carried out in State strict nature reserves, State parks and biosphere reserves are organized by administrations, which are the budget financed agencies, of the State strict nature reserves, State parks and biosphere reserves and State parks. They are responsible for protection landscape complexes and objects (values), also they arrange the constant supervision and management of these complexes and objects, propagate the cognitive tourism, rational use of natural resources, perform control ,basing on their competence, of activities carried out on the area by natural and legal persons, so that they would comply with protection and use requirements established for the protected area, as well as they are given other rights and duties provided for in the administration regulations.
9. Activities in the State parks can be organized and executed by administrations of the State parks and the Joined Councils, which co-ordinate relations between administrations of the State parks and Municipality agencies. Membership of the Joined Councils includes directors and deputy directors of the State parks, appointed following procedures set forth by the Government authorized institutions, also mayors of Municipalities and/or vice mayors at their consent, or other representatives of municipalities appointed by Municipality Councils.
10. The Councils for co-ordination of scientific researches, monitoring and museum works can be established at the State strict nature reserve administrations. The Councils for scientific consultations, represented by experts on protection of the landscape, biological diversities and cultural heritage, recreation arrangement experts, and experts of social and economic fields, can be established at the administrations of the State parks and biosphere reserves.
11. Supervision of the State nature reserves and heritage objects is executed by the Government authorized institutions. Protection and management of the protected areas established by Municipalities is organized by mayors of the Municipalities.
12. Supervision of recuperative and genetic areas and ecological protection zones is executed by institutions responsible for setting up of these areas. Their activities related to supervision execution of recuperative and genetic areas and ecological protection zones are coordinated by the Government authorized institution.

Article No. 28. Planning of the protected areas

1. Management of the protected areas and development of activities in there is executed following the documents of general and special planning of the areas, the strategic planning documents and regulatory documents established according to them and prepared following regulations provided for in the Law on the Territory Planning and in the Law of Construction.
2. The following types of the protected areas special plans are distinguished:
1) network schemes of the protected areas - prepared in order to identify the general strategy for development of the protected areas system or its parts;
2) schemes of the nature frame and/or ecological network formation -
prepared in order to identify and develop the general territorial system for protection of the ecological landscape stability and biological diversities;
3) schemes of the ecological protection zones network - prepared in order to control the development of the ecological protection (protective) areas of the regional significance;
4) limit plans of the protected areas and limits of their zones - prepared for establishment of the new State strict nature reserves, State parks, nature reserves, biosphere monitoring areas, or for their limit changes, as well as for establishment of limits of the functional priority zones (conservative, recreational, ecological protection, etc.);
5) management plans (planning schemes) the protected areas -
prepared in order to establish directions and means for use and protection of landscape management zones and their regulatory documents for the protected areas, for protection of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage, as well as for landscape forming, recreational infrastructure creation, and also other management means;
6) nature management and/or heritage management projects of the the protected areas - prepared in order to establish a particular system of management measures on the protected areas.
3. The following strategic planning documents of the protected areas are prepared: nature management and/or heritage management plans, different objective programs, action plans, biosphere reserves and grounds monitoring programs.
4. Territory planning documents of the protected areas are prepared according to the rules and/or methods applied for preparation of theses documents and approved by the Government authorized institution. The rules set forth the structure of the protected areas planning documents, their preparation, approval and validity. The composite parts of the protected areas special planning are as follows:
1) substantiating part - includes analysis of problems related to protection and use, evaluation of previously prepared territory planning documents and projects, also evaluation of the protection development demand and possibilities;
2) projecting part – includes preparation of solutions related to the protected areas development policy issues (schemes), concepts of protection and use and regulatory documents (plans) and management measures system projects;
3) finalizing part – includes provisions, discussions, coordination and approvals of solutions indicated in the planning documents.
5. Management plans (planning schemes) of the protected areas are prepared following the typical regulatory documents for protection approved by the Government.
6. The limit plans of the State strict nature reserves and national parks and their zones are approved by the Seimas, the limit plans of the regional parks and State nature reserves and/or their zones are approved by the Government. The management plans (planning schemes) and projects of the protected areas are approved by the Government or its authorized institutions. The strategic planning documents of the protected areas are approved by the Government or its authorized institutions. Planning documents of the protected areas preserved by Municipalities are approved by Municipalities, following the procedure provided by the laws.
7. Preparation and approval procedures for the strategic planning documents of the protected areas are set forth by the Government.
8. The strategic planning documents of the protected areas are prepared by the certified experts; also, these documents can be prepared by legal persons, if their regulations provide for the territory planning activities. Certification procedure is set forth by the Government authorized institution.
9. Strategic nature management and heritage management plans of the protected areas are can be prepared by the Government authorized institutions, administrations of State strict nature reserves, State parks and biosphere reserves, independent and organizations, which are experienced in planning and management of the protected areas .
10. Independent organizations, as well as natural and legal persons, can provide their proposals in the course of preparation of management plans (planning schemes) and projects, plans and projects of nature reserves and protected objects and monitoring areas, and also participate in their implementation.

Article No. 29. Funding of protection and management for the protected areas

1. Establishment of the State protected areas, activities of administrations of the State strict nature reserves, State parks and biosphere reserves are financed from the State budget means. Activities of administrations of the regional parks established by Municipality Councils are financed by means of Municipality budgets. Programs executed by State park administrations are financed by the State budget means or by means of Municipality budgets, by other financing sources or international programs.
2. Protection and management of Municipality nature reserves and heritage objects are financed by means of Municipality budgets.
3. Also, funds of special programs, purposive deposits or allocations by natural and legal persons, other legally acquired funds can be used for management and supervision of the protected areas, for development of the cognitive tourism, for educational, cultural and other activities.
4. Funds for visiting of the State parks, collected according to procedures set forth by the laws, are used for management of these areas, for preservation and of the protected complexes and objects (values), propagation of visiting them, and organization of the cognitive tourism.

SECTION EIGHT
THE STATE CONTROL OF THE PROTECTED AREAS

Article No. 30. Organization of the protected areas

1. Control of the land use on the protected areas and the activities, which are related to restrictions set forth in the territory planning documents, carried out by the land owners, managers and users, is executed by the State environment protection inspectors, State protected areas officers, State forest protection officers, State land service officers, territory planning and construction supervision officers and officers of cultural heritage values protection, according to their competence.
2. State control of the protected areas is regulated by Regulations of Protection Control of the State Protected Areas, and it also sets forth the tasks and functions for the State protected areas officers. The Regulations are approved by the Government or its authorized institution.
3. While executing their duties related to protection of the protected areas, the State protected areas officers are entitled to the following rights:
1) to have and wear a uniform and identification signs of the established standard;
2) following the procedure established by the laws, to draw up reports on breaches of the administrative law, to fine for breaching of this Law or other requirements set forth by legal acts, provided for in the Code of Administrative Offences;
3) to require from the legal and natural persons, who have offended the requirements of this Law or other legal acts or territory planning documents regulating activities on the protected areas, to terminate illegal actions;
4) to stop vehicles carrying natural resources, including timber and the forest production, to check acquisition documents of the natural resources contained in the vehicle, also, if suspecting of illegal acquisition of nature resources, to check for identification documents of persons transporting these resources, to apply forced means to stop vehicles;
5) to bring the offenders to the police stations or to of Municipality monitor premises in rural areas in order to establish their identity, to draw up records and statements;
6) while executing the control of the protected areas, having presented their official certificate, to have a free access to the territories of companies, agencies and organizations located on the protected areas. Territories and objects of the borderlands can be accessed having coordinated this action with the border police officers;
7) following the procedure set forth in the Law on Weapon and Ammunition Control and other laws, to ward, carry and use, in cases as provided in this Law, Article 30, Paragraph 4, a fire gun and special means. If the rightful requests claimed by the officer are rejected, the officer is entitles to use force, but only to the extent required for execution of the official duties, and only after all possible or other means turned out to be effect less;
8) also, the State officers of the protected areas have other rights provided by the laws.
4. the State officers of the protected areas are entitled to use physical force, special means or a fire gun, when it is related to execution of his official duties, in the following cases:
1) protecting him, another person from a started attempt or an attempt directly dangerous to life or health;
2) when detaining the offender or a person, which has committed a crime, who tries to escape the detention by highly activated actions, and if there are no other possibilities to detain him, also in cases when a person refuses to fulfill the rightful request to put aside his gun or other item, that can wound another person, and id there is no other way to disarm him;
3) in case of an attempt to overtake a fire gun or when a person‘s life is in danger.
5. It is prohibited to use physical force and special means or a fire gun against women, if they are evidently pregnant, also against individuals, if their disability is evident, against juveniles, if their age is known to the officer or their appearance meets the age, except in cases, when they resist in the way threatening to life or health, or such attack is carried out by a group of people and this attack is threatening to life or health. The use of a fire gun is prohibited in places of people accumulations, if this may cause harm to the bystanders.
6. The Government authorized institutions execute the following actions:
1) control of the protected areas;
2) State control of activities carried out by administrations of the State strict nature reserves, State parks and biosphere reserves in relation to observance of the mode established for the landscape protection and use, landscape protection and management, implementation of other purposive programs and protection and use mode of the State the protected areas;
3) control of the land use on the protected areas and the activities, which are related to restrictions set forth in the territory planning documents, carried out by the land owners, managers and users.
7. On the protected areas, the Government authorized institution may prohibit or apply restrictions for use of motorized vehicles and motorized water transport and their movements, for hunting, fishing, picking of mushrooms, plants or their parts, for use and visiting of the protected areas.
SECTION NINE
LAND PROPERTY AND RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE LAND OWNERS, USERS AND MANAGERS ON THE PROTECTED AREAS

Article No. 31. Land property on the protected areas

1. Land of strict nature reserves and Kuršių Spit National Park is an exceptional property of the State. Land on other protected areas is owned by the State and/or private ownership.
2. Following the procedure set forth by the Law on Land, the land intended for establishment of strict nature reserves may be taken from private land owners or an agreement for the State land use or land rent may be terminated before their due terms.
3. The land required for implementation of special programs for protection of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage, and for public needs (for establishment of resorts, special relaxation parks, cognitive paths, recreational infrastructure, etc.) may be taken from private land owners or, for this purpose, agreements for the State land use or land rent may be terminated before their due terms, following the procedure set forth in the Law on Land.
4. Administrations of the State strict nature reserves, State parks and biosphere reserves control and use the provided State land on trust.
5. The Law on Restoration of Property Rights of the Citizens to the Extant Real Estate sets forth the procedures for restoration of the property rights to land, forest and water bodies, as well as for conditions on the protected areas.
6. Property rights to land, forest and water bodies located in the protected areas can be restored, land transactions can be executed following the laws providing for restrictions, conditions and requirements for use of land, forest and water bodies, regulations of the protected areas and management plans (planning schemes) of these areas, other regulations set forth by documents regulating activities on the protected areas and indicated in Article 5 of this Law.
7. State land, forest, waters, bushes, bogs, boulders and other unused land of the State nature reserves, State parks and biosphere monitoring areas nature reserves, as well as of recreational zones, is not for sale, with the exception of land of home premises, personal farm and gardeners‘society, as well as land plots up to 5 hectares, which are inserted into farm lands and located between private ownership lands.
8. On the protected areas, changes of purpose of the main purposive conservative land use and forest economy land use are prohibited, except in cases when it is done for the sake of public needs or preservation of the natural and cultural heritage complexes and objects (values). The main purposive land use on the protected areas is changed only in such cases, if this does not contradict the approved solutions of the protected areas management plans (planning schemes) and regulatory documents.
9. In the State nature reserves and State parks, a land plot of private ownership is not allowed to be divided into parts by selling, renting, marking off, mortgaging, giving it as a present, except in cases, when limits of the adjacent land plots are changed.
10. The heritage objects and land of their areas are of the State and/or private ownership. The heritage objects can be transferred into the private ownership, only after protection and use mode is established.

Article No. 32. Rights and duties of land owners, managers and users in the protected areas

1. Owners, managers and users of land and other real estate have the rights established by the Law on Land and other laws. They can exercise their rights to the extent they do not contradict this current Law.
2. The land owners, managers and users, on whose land the protected area is going to be established, it is planned to change the status of current protected areas, to establish restrictions or change the current ones, have a right to get information about this. They are informed during preparation of the limit plans of the protected areas or other territory planning documents, on which the regulatory documents are established, following the procedure set forth in the Law on Territory Planning.
3. Owners and managers of land and other real estate have their rights to provide claims regarding the proposals for establishment of the protected areas, change of the status of current protected areas,
provision or change of restrictions for the activities, following the procedures set forth by the Government authorized institution presenting recommendations regarding establishment of the protected area, declaration of objects to be preserved, changes of the status of the existing protected territory or requirements for defined protection and use.
4. Compensations are paid to the land owners and managers, when their profit is actually reduced or their previously executed activities are no longer allowed due to the establishment of a new protected territory located on their private land, change of the protected territory status or restrictions provided for their activities. Procedures for execution of calculations and payout are set forth by the Government.
5. If a protected area is established, heritage objects are declared as the preserved ones, the status of current protected areas is changed and restrictions on the activities are set forth or changed without taking into account the claims provided by the land owners and managers, they are entitled to apply to the court.
6. If the land owner, manager or user agrees with the establishment of a new protected area, change of the current protected area status, restrictions or changes of the activities, but disagrees with the compensation amount, he can apply to the court.
7. Persons residing in the protected areas are allowed to carry out the activities which do not contradict the establishment purposes of the protected area, are entitled to receive financial and other support for supervision of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage. Owners and managers of the adjacent land plots have the priority right for renting and acquiring of the State land, as set forth in this Law, Article 31, Paragraph 7.
8. On the protected areas, land owners and managers may be provided with the land-tax privileges and other privileges in cases provided for by the laws and following the order established by the Government.
9. On the protected areas, owners, users and managers of land other real estate, other legal and natural persons are obliged to keep up to the provisions the set forth by the laws and other legal acts, restrictions and requirements on the activities provided for these areas by the territory planning documents, as well as by those registered in the real estate register.
10. If restrictions on the activities and other requirements related to the protected area have not been included into the real estate register data , when providing the land for use, transferring, selling or restoring the property rights to the land located on the protected areas, this information is included into this register data by a keeper of the real estate register, following recommendations of the Government authorized institution and the procedures set forth by the Law on the Real Estate Register and other legal acts.
11. Responsibility for preservation of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage is born by their owners, managers and users.
12. Land owners, users and managers have no right to obstruct the visiting or management of the protected complexes and objects (values), resorts, paths, view sites and other recreational objects for purposes set forth in the Law on Land and other legal acts.
13. Municipality institutions are responsible for preservation of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage, which are under their control, ensures that owners, users and managers of the protected values would be able to take a proper care of them.
14. When it is the State institution that establishes the protected area, changes the status of the existing protected area, provides for or changes the activity restrictions, the compensation is paid from the State budget, and when it is the Municipality council that establishes the protected area, changes the status of the existing protected area, provides for or changes the activity restrictions, the compensation is paid from the Municipality budget.

SECTION TEN
RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE LAW ON THE PROTECTED AREAS

Article No. 33. Responsibility for violations of the Law

1. Legal and natural persons, who have violated the requirements of the Law on the Protected Areas, are prosecuted following the procedures ser forth by the laws.
2. The institutions authorized by the Government are responsible for organization of protection and management of the protected areas
and for prevention of the negative expressions in this process.
Authorized officers of these institutions are held personally responsible for execution of tasks assigned for them, while ensuring preservation of territorial complexes and objects (values) of the natural and cultural heritage on the protected areas.
3. The State protected areas officers, which do not undertake actions ensuring observation of the laws and other legal acts on the protected territories, or the officers who go beyond their commission, can be prosecuted following the procedures established by the laws.

Article No. 34. Damage indemnification

1. Legal and natural persons, which have caused damage to the protected areas, are liable to indemnify the damages in kind as a much as possible (to restore the original status of the object or area, also, to compensate direct and indirect damages caused. When public interests are violated by the same activities and damage is caused to the property of legal and natural persons, the violators are liable to compensate for the caused damage to both, the protected areas and the property of legal and natural persons. The losses are defined according to the methods established by an institution authorized by the Government.
2. Institutions authorized by the Government and State protected areas officers are entitled to submit the claim statements to the court regarding indemnification of the damages caused to the protected areas and the heritage objects.“



I promulgate this law of the Republic of Lithuania passed by the Seimas.

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC VALDAS ADAMKUS

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