ORDER OF THE MINISTRY OF CONSTRUCTION AND URBAN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA


Number 212, December 20 1993, Vilnius


Concerning the publication of a planning scheme for the Trakai Historical National Park

I ORDER:

1. The publication of a confirmed planning scheme for the Trakai Historical National Park (a plan of the park territory with its functional zones and an explanatory text) on the basis of Resolution Number 912 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, dated December 6 1993, Vilnius, “Concenring the Confirmation of a planning scheme for the Trakai Historical National Park”


Minister of Construction and Urban Affairs, Algirdas Vapšys.


CONFIRMED

By Resolution Number 912 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania,
dated December 6 1993


PLANNING SCHEME FOR THE TRAKAI HISTORICAL NATIONAL PARK

1. Introduction

The Trakai Historical National Park was founded by Resolution No. I-1244 of the Supreme Council of the Lithuanian Republic on April 23 1991 to preserve, order and exploit the Trakai lakeland panorama complex containing Trakai Castle. This complex is valuable from the point of view of culture, nature and our ethnocultural heritage.

The Protected Territories Law of the Lithuanian Republic, and the Regulations of the Trakai Historical National Park, confirmed by Resolution No. 238 of the Government of the Lithuanian Republic (April 22 1992), state that the park’s territory is to be ordered according to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania’s confirmed planning scheme for the Trakai Historical National park.

The planning scheme (drawn up with a scale of 1:10,000 and containing an explanatory text) was drafted in accordance with the blue-print and principal planning scheme of the “Trakai” Lithuanian National Park presented by the Lithuanian Scientific Research Institute of Construction and Architecture (1990) that was amended in accordance with accepted documentation and the comments of the relevant ministeries and departments.

The planning scheme of the Trakai Historical National Park sets down functional zones within the park, a description of objects needed for the park to operate, general principles of Trakai Historical National Park planning and organization and of the creation of a recreational system, the areas in which the town of Trakai and local settlements will develop and expand and it also sets out the most important tasks of detailed planning. The Trakai Historical National Park planning scheme sets down limits on agricultural activity throughout the park’s territory and zones, and sets out the requirements for building on the territory, the formation of architecture and landscape, heritage preservation and nature conservation, which must be observed when carrying out work of land reform, privatisation and planning and it also offers principle suggestions for ordering the zones.

The Trakai Historical National Park planning scheme, as a document of state significance for territorial planning, is the basis for drawing up detailed building and reconstruction projects. On the basis of this heritage preservation and complex land reforms and land organization, forest management, waterways and settlement planning are to be draughted along with projects for village regeneration, organization of recreation, roads and other communications and other matters.

2. General principles for planning and running the Trakai Historical National Park

The picturesque Trakai lakelands are a unique natural cultural landscape complex, valuable for science and recreation, rich in historical, archaeological and architectural monuments.

The most valuable cultural heritage sites are the Trakai Island and Peninsula Castles, the castle site in Senieji [Old] Trakai and the historical-archaeological-architectural sites and old settlement areas, the planned structure of Trakai’s old town, the villages of Daniliškės, Senieji Trakai, Varnikėliai, Serapiniškės, the Užutrakis Manor ensemble, the hill forts, old cemeteries and individual farmsteads in Bražuolė and Daniliškės.

The most important natural sites are the hydrographic areas of Kudrionių, Galvė, Akmena and Bražuolė, the forests of Varnikai and the marshes of Plomėnai and Ilgelis.

In drawing up projects for heritage preservation, land reform and land management, forest management, water usage, settlement planning, village regeneration, recreation organization, roads, engineering communications and other activities, the following instructions must be respected:

I. to preserve and restore the cultural heritage that forms a historically-developed town layout and surroundings of Trakai, look after not only objects of historical worth but also care for those that form an architectural ambiance;

II. to preserve the natural landscape of the Trakai lakelands, increase afforestation, form grassed areas on lakeshores and by the roadside, around new housing areas and on the tops of hills;

III. to preserve spaces that open up a panorama of the town of Trakai, especially those that look out onto the castles; to limit or prohibit new construction work and the building of non-dwelling sites and installations;

IV. to preserve the purity of waterways above and below ground and set up protective shoreline belts of land.

Heritage preservation conditions are set down for building or reconstructing buildings throughout the park.

Farmstead buildings on Trakai Historical National Park territory may be repaired, rebuilt with limits on their size and architectural form, taking account of architectural traditions and the requirements of landscape conservation and projects are settled in the prescribed manner. New farmsteads can be built only on the sites of old ones or sites that are indicated on detaled plans for settlements within the park. New residential houses cannot be higher than one storey and must have a sloping roof and their construction area must not exceed 120 m², if detailed plans do not provide for other conditions. Apart from a dwelling house a vegetable store, barn and other farming buildings may be built on a farmstead site. The size of outbuildings for people involved in agriculture is determined by the number of animals kept which the owner intends maintaining on his plot of land. On park territory farm outbuildings may not be reconstructed for recreational purposes, except in the recreational zone.

In order to restore the traditional image of Trakai old town and rebuild destroyed built up areas, there is provision for building dwelling houses on the peninsula territory. Principles governing the number of proposals for rebuilding destroyed or dilapidated buildings, the order of their reconstruction, their use to expand social infrastructure and regeneration are set down in the Old Town Regeneration Project. Provision should be given for the reconstruction of homes built after World War Two.

Marked tourist trails are set up according to special projects.

There are no provisions for extending roadways of state significance, except for the planned western by-pass of Trakai. Improvements are planned for the metalling of existing roads, first of all the road to Daniliškės and Žydiškės (from the Trakai-Leotards highway) and Karijotiškės.

3. Trakai Historical National Park Zoning

The territory of the Trakai Historical National Park is divided into functional zones according to natural and cultural treasures, the form thses take and how they can be preserved and utilised:

1. The Conservation Zone is made up of strict reserves: Trakai Island and Peninsula castles, the hill fort at Senieji Trakai; and reserve sites: Senieji Trakai Architectural reserve, the Trakai Old Town Urban Reserve, the Užutrakis Architectural and Landscape reserve, Varnikėliai, Serapiniškės, Senieji Trakai Village Architectural Reserves, the Kudrioniai Landscape Reserve, the Akmena, Galvė Lake and Bražuolė Hydrographic Reserves, the Varnikai Botanic-Zoological Reserve and the Plomėnai Ornithological Reserve.

2. The Preservation (Protective) Zone that comprises protected woodland and view-protection territorial cultural complexes.

3. The Recreation Zone, which includes forest parks, recreational waterways and the territory of recreational establishments

4. Agricultural and Dwelling Zones that comprise agro-economic territories, dwelling and production territories, new dwelling districts and settlement areas.

Land in the Trakai Historical National Park reservations belongs to the state. In other park zones there may be state and private property. Trakai Historical National Park and forest land may be returned to private ownership in accordance with procedures set down in Law. In the town of Trakai land may be returned to private ownership within the old-town boundaries. The Trakai Historical National Park forests and waters are run by the Management of the Trakai Historical National Park according to the regulations set down by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.

The Trakai Historical National Park contains the Senieji Trakai historical preservation zone. In order to avoid negative effects on the park’s territory from surrounding areas the stability of the park’s ecological system has been secured, the Trakai Historical National Park needs a preservation/buffer zone and a way to preserve and exploit it which Trakai Historical National Park inspectors could control.

The Trakai Historical National Park (8,300 ha) covers Trakai town and within its administrative borders Senieji Trakai and Kariotiškės also lie.

In order to facilitate the running of the park there are proposals for changing the administrative boundaries that exist at present and to set up on the park’s territory and preservation zone a single territorial administrative unit, that it make the boundaries of the administrative territorial unit coincide with those of the Trakai Historical National Park and its preservation zone. The boundaries of the town and its environs should be adjusted as the territorial administrative reform of the Lithuanian Republic is put into effect.

The preservation and exploitation regime in the whole territory of the park is set by and economic activity is regulated by:

1. The Lithuanian Republic’s Law on Protected Territories;

2. The provisional statutes of the Trakai Historical National Park that were confirmed by Resolution 283 of the Government of the Lithuanian Republic, dated April 23 1992;

3. Special conditions for land and forest exploitation confirmed by Resolution 343 of the Government of the Lithuanian Republic, dated May 12 1992.

In the reserves of the Trakai Historical National Park and its preservation zones the regulations of the relevant reserves and preservation zones are valid and sections of the Special Conditions for land and forest exploitation, to wit:

1. The regulations of Landscape, Hydrographic, Botanical-Zoological and Ornithological Reserves, confirmed by the Lithuanian SSR Soviet of Ministers’ Resolution 342 of December 14 1983;

2. Special land and forest exploitation conditions (sections XIX, XXIX, XXXIII, XXXV, XXXIX, XLIII, XLV), as confirmed by the Lithuanian Republic Government’s Resolution 343 of May 12 1992;

3. Regulations for setting up and supervising water source preservation zones, as confirmed by Lithuanian SSR Soviet of Ministers’ Resolution 335, dated December 6 1982;

4. General preservation regulations of former manors, estates and monumental farmsteads, as confirmed by the Lithuanian Republic’s Government Resolution 256 of April 7 1992 and No. 369 of May 27 1993;

5. Lithuanian Republic Government Resolution 735 of October 6 1992 “On land plots of Republic-wide and local significance on the territory of urban national monuments”.


ZONES WITHIN THE TRAKAI HISTORICAL NATIONAL PARK

A. THE CONSERVATION ZONE

1. CULTURAL STRICT RESERVES:

1.1 The Trakai Island and Peninsula Castles Strict Reserve (AR 145, 146) covers the castle island and nearby islands, the water reserve on Galvė Lake between the islands and the peninsula and also part of the peninsula with the remains of the other castle (32 ha)

Aim: to preserve and restore cultural treasures, carry out academic research, implement educational programmes.

Use: Educational recreation, organization of solemn state festivals. The preservation and exploitation regime is set out by the Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XIX).

1.2 Senieji Trakai castle site (AR 1249) Strict Reserve lies in the southern part of the Senieji Trakai village and covers the Senieji Trakai castle site and the remains of old dwelling places. (15 ha)

Aim: to preserve and restore cultural treasures, carry out academic research, implement educational programmes

Use: Educational recreation. The preservation and exploitation regime is set out by the Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XIX).

Management: The territory is run and exploited according to detailed exploitation projects.


2. RESERVES:

2.1 Senieji Trakai Archaeological Reserve borders to the south on the Senieji Trakai castle site and covers the moat.

Aim: to preserve territories with archaeological finds.

Management: The Senieji Trakai industrial centre is being rebuilt according to a reconstruction project. No buildings may be built on reservation territory, neither may land be worked unless for scientific purposes.

2.2 Trakai Old Town Urban Reserve (at present UR 4) covers part of the town of Trakai - the peninsula between Luka (Bernardinų), Galvė and Totoriškės Lakes.

Aim: preserve, restore and exhibit the whole of the planned urban space of Trakai, its connections with local nature, its building forms and elements.

Use: It carries out the functions of the Trakai Historical National Park administration and the centre of a dwelling site, which do not counter the remit of the park, except for industrial production. The preservation and exploitation regime is set down by the Special land and forest exploitation conditions (section XIX) and the Lithuanian Republic’s Government Resolution “On land plots of republic-wide and local significance on the territory of urban national monuments”.

Management: Trakai old-town is run, regenerated according to territorial planning projects of heritage preservation. Until these projects are drafted heritage protection conditions are issued for management and building works in the way already set down.

2.3 The Užutrakis Landscape Architectural Reserve covers 79 ha of the former Užutrakis Manor House Grounds - G208KP, the territory on the peninsula between Lakes Galvė and Skaistis and of this area 78.65 ha is state property and the remaining 0.71 ha is in private hands and includes five dwelling houses.

Aim: to preserve, manage and supervise the Grounds of the former Užutrakis Manor - G208KP - and carry out scientific research;

Use: for educational recreation, tourist accommodation, arranging Lithuanian official events and forming an open society centre. Preservation, use and management is governed by the Lithuanian Republic's Government Resolution 343 of May 12 1992 "On confirmation of special conditions for land and forestry exploitation" (Žinios 1992 No. 22-652) and the Lithuanian Republic's Government Resolutin 369, dated May 27 1993 "On the prerservation of former manors and estate farms and historical monument farmsteads" (Žinios 1993 No. 18-460), the Special Heritage-Preservation Plan for the former Užutrakis Manor Grounds - G208KP as confirmed by Order 157 of the Director of the Cultural treasures Preservation Dept of the Ministry of Culture, dated June 5 2000, and the Detailed Plan of the Former Užutrakis Manor Grounds confirmed by Decision 33 of the Trakai Regional Local Authorities on March 14 2001.

Amendments to sub-clauses, No. 760, May 28 2002, (Žinios 2002, No. 54-2131, May 31 2002)

2.4 Senieji Trakai Village Architecture Reserve - the old part of the Senieji Trakai settlement (the territory near the main road from the beginning of the settlement to the castle site).

Aim: to preserve and put on show villages typical of the region, their planning structure, surviving ethnographically valuable farmsteads, their buildings, green spaces and other elements of an old village.

Use: Dwelling area, limited economic activity, educational recreation, services for park visitors.

Management: the reserve territory is run, buildings reconstructed, new buildings built according to detailed plans for sorting out the village; these plans are confirmed in the prescribed way.

2.5 Varnikėliai and Serapiniškės Village Architectural Reserve - the villages of Varnikėliai and Serapiniškės (the territory between Varnikai Botanical-Zoological Reserve and the Trakai-Leotards road).

Aim: to preserve and put on show villages typical of the region, their planning structure, surviving ethnographically valuable farmsteads, their buildings, green spaces and other elements of an old village.

Use: Dwelling area, limited economic activity, educational recreation, services for park visitors.

Management: the reserve territory is run, buildings reconstructed, new buildings built according to detailed plans for sorting out the village; these plans are confirmed in the prescribed way.

2.6 Kudrioniai Landscape Reserve covers the north-western part of the park as far as Lake Akmena - Daugirdiškės Wood with the village and hill-fort of Daniliškės, Lakes Sasonė and Bitiškės.

Aim: preserve the Kudrioniai landscape and carry out academic research.

Use: Limited agriculture and forestry, educational recreation, picking of fruits of the forest, fishing, and in the villages, services for tourists (lodging, food). The regulations for preserving and using the reserve are laid down by the landscape reserve regulations and Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (sections XXXV, XIX).

Management: The Daniliškės hill-fort is run according to a detailed project which should decide upon high-tension electricity lines which have a negative visual effect on the environment, and reconstruction work. Daniliškės village, as a valuable village architectural complex within the landscape reserve is managed according to a detailed project.

2.7 The Galvė and Akmena Lakes Hydrographic Reserves cover Lakes Galvė and Akmena and their shores.

Aim: preserve lakes that lend specific character to Trakai and its environs, carry out academic research.

Use: Educational recreation, rowing, sailing (according to water sport rules), commercial and amateur fishing. The preservation and exploitation regulations are set down in the Hydrographic reserves’ regulations and the Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (sections XXXIX, XXIX) and the regulations for forming and supervising waterways preservation zones.

Management: The reserve territory is run according to special projects confirmed in the prescribed way.

2.8 Bražuolė Hydrographic Reserve covers the sources of the Bražuolė Stream to the north of Lake Akmena, alongside the Trakai-Vievis Road, and Bražuolė hill-fort.

Aim: to preserve and restore the hydrographic structure of the upper reaches of the Bražuolė Stream and carry out academic research.

Use: Limited agriculture and forestry, educational recreation. Preservation and exploitation rules set by the hydrographic reserves’ regulations, Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (sections XXXIX, XXIX, XIX) and the regulations for forming and supervising waterways preservation zones.

Management: The natural hydrographic network of sources of the Bražuolė Stream is being restored according to a detailed project, removing a dam, returning the old flow of the river, tidying the river banks. Bražuolė hill-fort is being sorted out according to a detailed project.

2.9 Varnikai Botanical-Zoological Reserve covers Varnikai Wood, Blauoša, Jurgelė and Ilgelis Lakes, the Varnikai-Ilgelis marshes.

Aim: to preserve the forest and marsh complex, restoring damaged edges of the marsh, to carry out academic research.

Use: Educational recreation, limited agriculture and forestry. Preservation and exploitation is regulated by the Botanical-zoological reserves’ regulations and the Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XLV).

Management: New buildings not allowed. The reserve’s territory is run according to special projects.

2.10 Plomėnai Ornithological Reserve contains the Plomėnai marsh and Lake Plomėnai. It lies between the Alsakiai Wood and the western motor approaches to Trakai.

Aim: to preserve Plomėnai Marsh and its rich and varied birdlife, to carry out academic research.

Use: Educational recreation, limited agriculture and forestry. Preservation and exploitation is regulated by the Ornithological reserves’ regulations and the Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XLIII).

Management: New buildings not allowed. The reserve’s territory is run according to special projects.

II. THE PRESERVATION (PROTECTIVE) ZONE

1. The woods must be preserved. They belong to large sections of woodland in the northern part of the park to the north of Baltis Lake, to the south-east and north of Skaistis Lake between the Trakai-Leotards and Vilnius-Trakai roads, and also the Alsakiai Wood.

Aim: to grow woods to protect agricultural land, the air, waterways, the human environment.

Use: Limited forestry (timber), hunting, picking of fruits of the forest.

Management: Woodland is run according to Trakai Historical National Park forestry projects.

2. Preservation territories of visual cultural complex spread around the town of Trakai: the fields on the northern shores of Lake Galvė between the town of Trakai and the Jovariškės settlement, the territories between Totoriškės and Babrukas Lakes, between Lake Luka and the Trakai-Vilnius highway.

Aim: to preserve historical open landscape space which open onto Trakai castle and the old town from the appearance of objects that would have a negative visual effect on the landscape.

Use: Limited agriculture and forestry, educational and commercial recreation, other functions that do not counter the basic aims of Trakai Historical National Park. Preservation and exploitation regime set by Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XIX, clauses 77, 78, 79).

Management: The territory is run according to land-use projects.

III. THE RECREATIONAL ZONE 1. Forest parks (Trakai-Totoriškės, Varnikai-Luka, Varnikai-Skaistis, Žydiškės, Kudrioniai, Jovariškės, Babriškės).

Aim: grow woodland suitable for intensive public access.

Use: Leisure in the forest, limited forestry. Preservation and exploitation regime set by Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XXXIII).

Management: Formation of network of trails and picnic/leisure/parking areas, setting up beaches (see Appendix 2), other recreational buildings are being constructed according to special projects; the woods are run according to a Trakai Historical National Park wood-management project. Existing farmsteads are not being expanded. They may be fitted out for leisure. New building work prohibited.

2. Recreational water park on Lakes Skaistis, Luka, Totoriškės, Gilušis, Babrukas, Bitiškės.

Aim: to preserve lakes that are suitable for recreation.

Use: Bathing, sailing, rowing, limited commercial fishing; ban on motor boats. Preservation and exploitation regime set by Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XXIX).

Management: Lakes and shores managed according to special projects confirmed in the prescribed way. Commercial fishing organised according to regulations sety by the Lithuanian Republic’s Government and the Trakai Historical National Park management.

3. Recreational establishments (see Appendix 3)

Aim: to establish recreational facilities and make their surroundings fir for leisure.

Use: Service and lodging of holiday-makers. Preservation and exploitation regime set by Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XXXIII).

Management: Buildings and facilities are being constructed and the environment is being tidied according to detailed projects confirmed in the prescribed way. The farms at Varatniškės and Ostruvka are being adapted for accommodation and servicing of holiday-makers according to special projects, confirmed in the prescribed way. Recreational establishments may be privatised in the prescribed way and land may be rented as prescribed by law.

IV. FARMING AND DWELLING ZONE

1. Agro-park territories

Aim: farming, to preserve and restore the agrarian landscape typical of the Trakai Historical National Park.

Use: Limited agriculture, dwellings, educational recreation, other forms of activity that do not counter the aims of the Trakai Historical National Park.

Management: Work carried out according to land-use projects, which should include plans to increase green areas. To reduce the negative effect of the basic industrial centre in Kariotiškės on the environment, this is to be reconstructed according to a draft project.

2. Territories of local housing services and factory buildings and the Jovariškės wild animal husbandry farm will not be expanded. Buildings belonging to the “Žuvėdra” [Seagull] sewing factory and the ATĮ by the Trakai-Aukšdadvaris road will be transferred from the view-preservation zone. Territories with housng services and production buildings will be dealt with in accordance with detailed projects confirmed in the prescribed way in order to overcome their negative impact on the environment.

3. New housing areas and settlements

Aim: to provide opportunities for housing and improving the living conditions of park dwellers.

Use: Housing.

Management: one-storey houses with sloping roofs may be built in new dwelling districts within the THNP’s territory with communications networks and green spaces but only according to detailed district planning confirmed in the prescribed way.

SENIEJI TRAKAI HISTORICAL PRESERVATION ZONE

The view-preservation zone covering Senieji Trakai Castle Site Strict Reserve and the Senieji Trakai Archaeological and Architectural Reserves. This zone coincides with the Senieji rakai castle site and one-street village protected landscape zone.

Aim: farming, maintaining and restoring the agrarian landscape of Senieji Trakai and its environs.

Use: Limited agriculture, dwelling sites in the villages of Strakiškės and Pilialaukis, educational recreation, other forms of activity that do not counter the aims of the THNP. Preservation and exploitation regime set by Special land and forestry exploitation conditions (section XIX, clauses 77,78,79).

Management: Preservation and exploitation regime for monuments in a landscape preservation zone will be applied. Strakiškės village dealt with according to Preservation and exploitation conditions for village architectural reserves (see points 2.4, 2.5),

4. EXPANSION OF THE TRAKAI HISTORICAL NATIONAL PARK’S RECREATIONAL SYSTEM

The ways of using natural recreational resources that developed on Trakai Historical National Park territory before the park was established do not meet the park’s most important aims. The existing recreational system must be changed and a new chain of facilities built. The basic recreational system covers the following areas:

1. To improve conditions for educational recreation we should:

1.1 Increase the number of sites that can be visited while adapting landscape treasures for visitors: historical, archaeological, architectural, natural monuments and other objects that have value as monuments or attract attention.

1.2 Create a system of tourist trails, observation sites, information signs and tourist requisites.

1.3 Improve the system for serving Trakai Historical National Park visitors. To create conditions for setting up service establishments near less frequently visited but valuable objects in Senieji Trakai, Bražuolė and Daniliškės.

1.4 Encourage local people to use their farmsteads by the tourist trails to accommodate and serve visitors.

2. To limit the building of new leisure centres, expand those that already exist and make better use of such centres, adapting them to the aims of the park and extending their operational seasons.

3. To restrict waterspouts on the Trakai lakes. To co-ordinate the activity of sports centres with Trakai Historical National Park aims and link sporting events with Trakai Historical National Park cultural activities programmes.

4. To set up a recreation service industry and encourage traditional trades.

5. To regulate the flow of week-end visitors with administrative and economic measures, guiding visitors to sites that have been prepared to welcome them.

6. To prepare a project for a Trakai Historical National Park recreational system which follows Trakai Historical National Park regulations and planning scheme to assess the usefulness of each recreational establishment to the the park and the exact aims of their activities, the extent of their activities. Priority should be given to recreational establishments which:

a. are involved in cultural educational activities;

b. train young people;

c. provide opportunities for those on social welfare to visit the Trakai Historical National Park.

Until such a project is drafted, recreational establishments may function in accordance with conditions set by Trakai Historical National Park Management for their use.

Tourist trails and observation sites

A system of tourist trails and observation sites is being set up to expand educational recreation on Trakai Historical National Park territory and familiarize visitors with Trakai Historical National Park cultural and natural treasures.

Tourist trails on Trakai Historical National Park territory are being set up for people on foot and on bicycles (and also those using other non-motorized forms of transport). Car parks are being set up beside the main observation sites.

The technical features of the trials and observation sites (width, area, surface covering) are given in Appendix 1. The trails and observation sites are marked with signs in situ. Information for visitors is provided at the beginning of the trails and in the observation sites.

If there be provision for tourist trails and observation sites on land that has been returned to its original owners or rented out, owners and tenants of the land may not hinder the construction of such sites (Special land and forestry exploitation conditions, section XXXIII clause 117.9) or obstruct Trakai Historical National Park visitors from walking along the trails or using the observation sites (Special land and forestry exploitation conditions, section XXXIII clause 117.6).

5. EXPANSION OF THE TOWN OF TRAKAI AND LOCAL SETTLEMENTS

Carrying out the aims of the Trakai Historical National Park and preserving its cultural heritage (viz. The landscape of Trakai town and its environs that has developed through history and the natural landscape of the Trakai lakelands), there is no provision for building new dwelling house districts on park territory (except for those planned before 1992). There should be provision for limits on the choice of personal dwelling sites in Trakai and therefore there should be supplements to the Lithuanian Republic’s Government Resolution 519 of July 1 1992 “On locations with limits on the choice of personal dwelling sites”.

Expanded construction of dwelling houses for Trakai are provided for in the dwelling areas outside the Trakai Historical National Park at Naujasodis, Žukiškės, Žaizdriai, Babriškės and Senieji Trakai (on the territory of used gravel quarries).

The territory of Trakai town is managed according to the general town plan drawn up and approved in 1985, if project proposals do not run counter to the regulations of the park scheme.

Reconstruction or renovation of plots and existing houses should be covered in heritage-preservation projects.

Settlement areas and villages within Trakai Historical National Park. Issues relating to renovation of farmsteads and buildings are examined in projects of detailed settlement planning. Projects for dwelling sites already existing on Trakai Historical National Park territory may be amended.

There are drafts of water-supply, sewage and rain water drainage schemes for the peninsula area of Trakai town and hydraulic calculations of networks and equipment. An extended economic technical basis has been drafted for diverting town sewage via the Vilnius biological purification plant. Work on projects for an engineering network in Trakai town must be continued to supplement the engineering infrastructure and equipment already in existence. There should be a final decision on diverting sewage to the Vilnius city water purification plant. In order to reduce air pollution in the Trakai Historical National Park, there are proposals for setting up a unified Trakai (underground) heating system.

Centralized water supplies, drainage and heating systems are being set up in Trakai town and the settlement areas, while local water, drainage and heating is planned for villages, farmsteads and recreational facilities outside Trakai town and settlement areas.

A western by-pass is planned for Trakai.

6. DETAILED PROGRAMME OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PROJECT WORK CARRIED OUT IN 1994-1997

Detailed planning projects were drawn up to achieve Trakai Historical National Park tasks and bring certain specific means into existence to meet these aims. The most important are listed in the following table

Project title Commissioning body
1. A full project for reforming Trakai Historical National Park land Trakai Historical National Park
2. Amendments to the project for renovating Trakai old town Management Heritage Preservation Dept
3. Exact programme for running and exploiting the territory of the Trakai Island and Peninsula Castles Strict Reserve Heritage Preservation Dept
4. Project to establish the boundaries of the Trakai Historical National Park buffer zone Heritage Preservation Dept
5. Project for Trakai town water purification plant Trakai Town Council
6. Project for Senieji Trakai, Jovariškės and Bražuolė settlements Trakai Historical National Park Management
7. Varnikėliai, Serapiniškės Village Architectural Reserves and the Daniliškės village projects Trakai Historical National Park Management
8. Trakai Historical National Park forestry and green spaces project Trakai Historical National Park Management
9. Projects for tourist trails and observation sites:
9.1. Transit trail through Trakai Historical National Park;
9.2. Tourist trail around Lake Luka¹;
9.3. Tourist trail through the Plomėnai Ornithological Reserve
Trakai Historical National Park Management
10. Project for renovating and exploiting the Užutrakis Park Landscape Architectural Reserve Heritage Preservation Dept

Appendix 1

TOURIST FOOT- AND CYCLE-PATHS

I. TRANSIT PATHS 1. Section of the Vilnius - Palanga National Transit foot- and cycle-path in THNP: Matiškė - Trakai - Daniliškės

Surface/width(m) hard/2-3

Length (km) 17.0

Route The path crosses the Varnikai Botanical-Zoological Reserve, the Island and Peninsula Strict Reserve, the Trakai Urban Reserve, and goes along the southern boundary of the Akmena Hydrographic Reserve, crosses the Kudrioniai Landscape Reserve.

Observation sites (what to see)

1. South-west shore of Lake Galvė near the yacht club (Lake Galvė, the castle, silhouette view of Trakai). (9)*

2. Shore of Lake Galvė opposite the Island Castle in Trakai (Lake Galvė with view of Island Castle). (1)

3. Slope of southern shore of Lake Bitiškės (panorama of pretty lake basin with typical Trakai lakeland scene). (18)

4. Daniliškės Hill-fort (Kudrioniai landscape panorama). (17)

II. EDUCATIONAL

1. Path around Lake Luka

Surface/width(m) hard/1.5-2

Length (km) 8.0

Route The path goes around the edge of the Trakai Urban Reserve (west shore of Lake Luka), and the edge of the Varnikai Botanical-Zoological Reserve (the eastern shore of Lake Luka).

Observation sites (what to see)

1. High slope of western shore of Lake Luka in Trakai town (panorama of southern part of town and environs. (10)

2. Slope of eastern shore of Lake Luka in Ostruvka (panorama of southern part of Trakai dominated by church). (11)


2. Rėkalnis-Žydiškės (turning off to Užutrakis park ring around Šulininkai Lake)

Surface/width(m) hard/1,5-2 (turn off to Užutrakis park - hard/2; ring around Lake Šulininkai - earth/1,5)

Length (km) 9,0 (turn off to Užutrakis park - 1,0) (ring around Lake Šulininkai - 3,5) (in total - 13,5)

Route Path goes along the eastern boundary of the Akmena Hydrographic Reserve, the northern shore of Lake Galvė and the northern shore of Lake Skaistis.

Ring section around Lakes Šulininkai, Dydiškės, Apvalukas with turn off to Užutrakis Manor.

Observation site (what to see)

1. Hill on Trakai-Vievis road on n.w. shore of Lake Galvė (handsome panorama of area around Lake Galvė with silhouette of Trakai). (4)

2. High western slopes of Lake Skaistis near Užutrakis park (fair panorama of Lake Skaistis and agrarian environs). (8)

3. Highland on north shore of Lake Skaistis between Lakes Skaistis and Birva (pretty panorama of agricultural landscape). (15)

4. High slope on eastern shore of Lake Skaistis around Žydiškės village (Panorama of lake and village). (14)

5. Užutrakis park (impressive panorama of Lake Galvė and Trakai). (6)


3. Rėkalnis-Daniliškės hill;-fort (turn off to highest hill in Trakai Historical National Park)

Surface/width(m) hard/1.5-2 (turn off - hard/1.5-2

Length (km) 8.0 (turn off – 4.5)

Route Path goes along eastern and northern shores of Lake Akmena, along boundary of the Hydrographic Reserve, crosses Kudrioniai Landscape Reserve.

Observation sites (what to see)

1. Highland on northern shore of Lake Akmena (pretty panorama of dip of lake). (21)

2. Daniliškės hill-fort (panorama of Kudrioniai landscape). (17)

3. Park’s highest hill on n.w. edge of Trakai Historical National Park (Trakai Historical National Park surroundings). (24)

III. SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL FOOTPATHS (FEE-PAYING)

1. Rėkalnis-Bražuolė hill-fort

Surface/width (m) hard/1.5-2

Length (km) 4.5

Route Path goes along eastern, north-eastern shore of Lake Akmena, boundary of Hydrographic Reserve, western boundary of Bražuolė Hydrographic Reserve via Bražuolė hill-fort, crosses Bražuolė hydrographic reserve, goes along the n.w. boundary of Lake Galvė Hydrographic Reserve.

Observation sites (what to see)

1. Bražuolė hill-fort (panorama of Bražuolė Hydrographic Reserve). (16)

2. Hill on Trakai-Vievis Road on n.w. shore of Lake Galvė (impressive view of environs of lake with Trakai castle and town). (4)


2. Around the Plomėnai Ornithological Reserve

Surface/width (m) earth/0.8-1.5

Length (km) 7.5

Route Path around Lake Plomėnai, Plomėnai marsh

Observation site

"Kibininė" [“Pasty”] hill, Trakai (view of Trakai old town with lake and Island Castle). (2)


3. Through the Varnikai Botanical-Zoological Reserve (Trakai railway station - Žydiškės)

Surface/width (m) earth/0.8-1.5

Length (km) 5.0

Route Path via Varnikėliai - Serapiniškės Village Architectural Reserve, Varnikai Botanical-Zoological Reserve marshes, Varnikai Wood.

Other observation sites:

1. Shore of Lake Galvė in Rėkalnis forest park near the car park (impressive view of Lake Galvė, the Island Castle and Trakai). (3)

2. Heights on the north eastern shore of Lake Galvė (especially impressive view of the whole dip of Lake Galvė with Trakai Castle and town). (7)

3. Crest of hill between Lakes Gilužis and Babrukas in Trakai (new part of town with impressive natural surroundings). (12)

4. Heights near Varnikai village near the road to the "Žalgiris" rowing base (impressive agro-park surroundings of Trakai that reflect the variety of the landscape, Varnikai Botanical - Zoological Reserve). (13)

5. Jogėliškė flat-hill (panorama of typical Trakai Historical National Park agro-park landscape). (19)

6. Shore of western part of Lake Akmena at Varatniškės (fair view of bowl of Lake Akmena). (20)

7. Senieji Trakai castle site (view of historical castle site in Senieji Trakai). (23)


Observation site under construction for sailors/swimmers on Lake Galvė

1. Hill in village of Totoriškės (impressive view of Lake Galvė and Trakai). (5)

* Figures in brackets refer to numbers of observation posts as marked on the Trakai Historical National Park planning scheme (main illustration).

Appendix 2

BEACHES

Site Length of shore / Basic area (m/ha) Number of bathers
West shore of Lake Totoriškės in Trakai 400/1,2 200-250
Eastern shore of Lake Skaistis near Žydiškės village 500/1,5 250-300
Eastern shore of Lake Akmena 600/1,8 300-350
Northern shore of Bitiškės Lake near the Kudrionių leisure complex 400/1,2 200-250
Total 1900/5,7 950-1150

Nota bene:
1. To set up a beach on average a belt of 30 m. of shore is required. Around 5.7-6.0 ha of land will be required to build the beaches planned by the Trakai Historical National Park.
2. On the planning map (illustration) beaches are marked as “Ppl”; and figures refer to the numbers in this table.

Appendix 3

LEISURE FACILITIES AND USE THERE OF

Leisure facilities to be shut down

Facility and owner Number of beds
1. "Nemunas" rowing base*, belonging to the Physical Culture and Sport Dept (none)
2. Vilnius central yacht club, belonging to the "Žalgiris" board (none)
3. Former Trakai regional camp site -
4. Rest homes belonging to the Leotards "Kaitra" factory 24*/24**

* The existing "Nemunas" rowing base buildings could be reconstructed as a service centre for holiday-makers
** These leisure facilities could be privatised and relocated.

Leisure facilities that are to be reconstructed and could be used to implement the Trakai Historical National Park recreation programme

Leisure facility and its owner Number of beds* Suggested use
1. "Žalgiris" rowing base belonging to the "Žalgiris board" 130/130 Sailing and water sports base. Existing academic rowing track to be removed
2. Former "Liepsnelė", pioneers' camp, publicly owned 325/150 Reconstruction and joint profile with Žalgiris sailing and water sports' base
3. "Slėnis" Company 280/280 Caravan site, former manor buildings are being restored
4. Tourist complex in Užutrakis belonging to the Ministry of Industry and Trade 510/100 Hotel and conference complex
5. Rest home for the "Puntukas" Design and Construction Bureau, state-owned 50/200 Camp site
6. Rest home in Žydiškės, belongs to Vilnius University 60/60 Youth leisure facility
7. Rest home by Lake Skaistis, belongs to the regional leadership 44/44 Lodging for excursions
8. Rest home belonging to the Vilnius sock factory "Sparta" 12/12 Lodging for excursions
9. Rest houses by Lake Sasonė, state-owned 12/12 Inns for tourists
10. Varatniškės farms, belonging to the Varatniškės agricultural association - Camp site
11. Ostruvka farms, belonging to the Senieji Trakai agricultural association - Motel
12. Estate farm belonging to the Kariotiškės. agricultural association - Service point for Park visitors. Former view to be restored according to heritage preservation conditions
13. Prophylactic medical centre in Kudrioniai, belonging to the "Plastos" factory 296/240 Family leisure and healing
14. Rest home and boating base belonging to the Radio and TV centre 10/10 Retain present function
15. Sports facilities owned by the Ministry of Internal Affairs 120/120 Retain present function

* Figure on left - number of beds in summer; figure on right - number of beds in winter.

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